On average, across all items, "True" was endorsed for 36% of items, while the "False" was endorsed for 61% of items (a response of "False" indicated more ego strength
Given that those with stronger "egos" should respond better to the same treatments, Barron developed the Barron Ego Strength
Scale (BESS) in 1953 to measure "ego strength
": an individual's overall "adaptability" and "personal resourcefulness" (1953b, p.327)--a characteristic amenable to change, evident in variables such as "physiological stability and good health, a strong sense of reality, feelings of personal adequacy and vitality, permissive morality, lack of ethnic prejudice, emotional outgoingness and spontaneity, and intelligence" (p.333).
With regard to increasing ego strength
, both the hypnotic training group and the biofeedback training group proved to be significant.
Unexpectedly, however, the ego strength
of fidelity was negatively associated with average marks, and not significantly associated with academic ability.
For [H.sub.2], affordability, attitude towards piracy, perceived behavioural control, ego strength
and personal normative beliefs influence piracy intention, moderated by perceived importance, organisational ethical climate and scenario.
Darlene lacks self-esteem and ego strength
. She needs constant praise for independent thoughts, for considering what is good for her, and for making a decision, however small.
Ocnophilia involves clinging to the object for security--holding onto it for dear emotional life--while philobatism allows an independence from it, the ego strength
to be "completely on one's own, with hands empty" (p.
The enterprise required of innovative professionals "is not so much the creative spark of genius that invents a new idea," but rather the skill and ego strength
which enable them to move beyond the formal parameters of their job, "maneuvering through and around the organization in sometimes risky, unique, and novel ways" (Kanter, 1983, p.
Conversely, high scores on the ego strength
scale, often used as an index of general psychological health, coincided with more robust NK cell activity.
For Stafrace, whilst "ego strength
" and "self-esteem" weren't identical, self-esteem was "[inescapably] a product of high ego strength
* 11 subjects receive the 4th class-a moderate tendency to lower emotional stability and ego strength