effort

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ef·fort

(ef'ŏrt),
Deliberate exertion of physical or mental power.

effort

Expenditure of physical or mental energy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chinese children's effortful control and dispositional anger/frustration: Relations to parenting styles and children's social functioning.
The relations of temperamental effortful control and anger/ffustration to Chinese children's academic achievement and social adjustment: a longitudinal study.
They created an Attention-Related Behavior Problems factor, composed by Effortful Control dimension of Attention Focusing and Inhibition-Control, and the Attention Problems Scale of the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991).
Abbreviations: AHMAX = anterior-emphasis half-maximum tongue-palate press, AHMAXFAST = AHMAX performed at fast rate, AHMAXSLOW = AHMAX performed at slow rate, ANOVA = analysis of variance, df = degrees of freedom, DSANEC = discrete nectar-thick apple juice swallow, DSW = discrete water swallow, ESS = effortful saliva swallow, IOPI = Iowa Oral Performance Instrument, NESS = noneffortful saliva swallow, PHMAX = posterior-emphasis half-maximum tongue-palate press, PHMAXFAST = PHMAX performed at fast rate, PHMAXSLOW = PHMAX performed at slow rate, PMAXTP = posterior-emphasis maximum isometric tongue-palate press.
Some offenders, especially those with impulse control disorders, have difficulty applying effortful control of emotions, thoughts, and behavior.
The randomly sequenced assignment also was rated as less effortful than the long-to-short assignment, [[??].sup.2] (1, n = 97) = 6.44, p = .01.
More specifically, we propose examining the relationship between scientist and practitioner interests and preferences for effortful cognitive processing and ambiguity intolerance.
Effortful control in early childhood: Continuity and change, antecedents and implications for social development.
Using the model as a conceptual guide, it is reasonable to suggest that students who view the task of screening children for neglect as important, desirable, controllable, and effective will approach the task with a sense of effortful optimism and show determination to master the challenge.
Need for cognition refers to enjoyment of engaging in effortful thought (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982).
More recently, Cacioppo and Petty (1982) described the need for cognition as individual differences in the tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive activity.
A study examined how student beliefs about knowledge and learning relate to their cognitive dispositions (such as enjoyment of effortful thinking) and to investigate how these constructs affect college course achievement.