eczema herpeticum


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eczema

 [ek´zĕ-mah]
1. any superficial inflammatory process involving primarily the epidermis, marked early by redness, itching, minute papules and vesicles, weeping, oozing, and crusting, and later by scaling, lichenification, and often pigmentation.
2. atopic dermatitis.

Eczema is a common allergic reaction in children but it also occurs in adults, usually in a more severe form. Childhood eczema often begins in infancy, the rash appearing on the face, neck, and folds of elbows and knees. It may disappear by itself when an offending food is removed from the diet, or it may become more extensive and in some instances cover the entire surface of the body. Severe eczema can be complicated by skin infections. Childhood eczema may persist for several years or return after the child is older. Persons suffering from childhood eczema may develop another allergic condition later, most often hay fever or asthma.
Cause and Treatment. Eczema is sometimes caused by an allergic sensitivity to foods such as milk, fish, or eggs. Inhalant allergens such as dust and pollens rarely cause eczema. Treatment involves the use of soothing baths, moisturizing creams, topical steroids, and oral antihistamines to alleviate itching. See also allergy.
eczema herpe´ticum disseminated herpes simplex (see kaposi's varicelliform eruption).
eczema margina´tum tinea cruris.
eczema vaccina´tum disseminated vaccinia (see kaposi's varicelliform eruption).

ec·ze·ma her·pe·t'i·cum

a febrile condition caused by cutaneous dissemination of herpesvirus type 1, occurring most commonly in children, consisting of a widespread eruption of vesicles that rapidly become umbilicated pustules; clinically indistinguishable from a generalized vaccinia. The two may be distinguished by electron microscopy or demonstration of inclusion bodies in smears, which are intranuclear in eczema herpeticum and intracytoplasmic in eczema vaccinatum.

ec·ze·ma her·pe·ti·cum

(ek'sĕ-mă her-pet'i-kŭm)
A febrile condition caused by cutaneous dissemination of herpesvirus type 1, occurring most commonly in children, consisting of a widespread eruption of vesicles that rapidly become umbilicated pustules.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Eczema herpeticum may occur in a burn patient and should never be missed as early diagnosis will lead to a better outcome.
Keywords: Eczema herpeticum, Burns, Herpes simplex, Tzanck smear, Acyclovir.
Eczema herpeticum during treatment of atopic dermatitis with 1% pimecrolimus cream.
His illness was diagnosed with disseminated HSV concurrent with underlying atopic dermatitis (i.e., eczema herpeticum).
Eczema herpeticum, described by Kaposi in 1887, is most common in patients with atopic dermatitis but can occur in other conditions that disrupt epidermal integrity.
The cause of eczema herpeticum is always HSV type I.
The severity of preexisting eczema does not seem to dictate the severity of eczema herpeticum. (4) Secondary bacterial skin infections are very common.
Mathes proposed that the CVA6 eruption be called "eczema coxsackium." "We like this [term] because it brings to mind eczema herpeticum and yet indicates that the virus is Coxsackie rather than a herpes virus," she said.
She also had a history of eczema herpeticum. On physical exam, she had a patch of gauze over her right orbit, significant soft tissue loss of the nose, and numerous diffuse pink/red eczematous plaques over her arms, trunk, legs, and face.
c) Eczema herpeticum (aka Kaposi varicelliform eruption)
In addition, patients with AD also get exaggerated presentations of viral infections, particularly to herpes simplex virus (eczema herpeticum), which is associated with a dramatic spreading of viral lesions over the skin, lymphadenopathy, fever, and malaise.
Hebert has hospitalized approximately 10 children in the past 18 months with eczema herpeticum. When she writes a prescription for one of the newer antiviral therapies such as famciclovir or valacyclovir, she also give the parent a back-up prescription for acydovir, just in case the insurance company won't cover the drug of first choice.