ectomorphy


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ectomorphy

 [ek´to-mor″fe]
the condition of being an ectomorph. adj., adj ectomor´phic.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2014) reported anthropometric characteristics of high performance Chilean athletes, determining an average somatotype of 2.04.0-3.8 for mid distance male runners, with dominant components of mesomorphy and ectomorphy, similar to our results.
TABLE II BODY COMPOSITION AND SOMATOTYPE COMPONENTS OF ELITE JUNIOR 10km RACE WALKERS Variable Male (n 10) Mean SD 95% CI Body mass index 20.58 0.35 19.79-21.37 Percentage of BF 7.64 1.55 6.53-8.75 X of six skinfolds 48.15 14.74 37.61-58.69 Endomorphy 2.34 0.89 1.70-2.98 Mesomorphy 3.33 0.92 2.67-3.99 Ectomorphy 3.39 0.66 2.92-3.87 Variable Female (n 20) Mean SD 95% CI p-valor * Body mass index 20.67 0.55 19.51-21.83 0.914 Percentage of BF 13.94 3.66 12.23-15.66 0.000 X of six skinfolds 66.95 23.62 55.89-78.01 0.018 Endomorphy 3.11 1.26 2.52-3.70 0.048 Mesomorphy 3.04 1.08 2.53-3.54 0.403 Ectomorphy 2.93 1.24 2.35-3.51 0.283 SD: standard deviation, CI: confidence interval.
Age was linked to endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy. Particularly, endomorphy and ectomorphy decreased, while mesomorphy increased in order to attain the adult soccer somatotype (3-4.9-2.3), similar to those reporting from previous studies (2-5.5-2 in international players) [1].
Somatotype components changed across adolescence too; endomorphy and ectomorphy decreased, while mesomorphy increased.
BF: Body Fat Table 3: Somatotype of participants (mean values with standard deviation in brackets) Age group Endomorphy Mesomorphy Ectomorphy U12 5.5 (3) 4.5 (1.4) 2.1 (1.5) U13 4.1 (2.2) * 4.5 (.9) 2.9 (1.1) U14 3.4 (1.3) ([double dagger]) 4.3 (1.1) 3.3.
If HWR< 38,25 then Ectomorphy = HWR * 01 Somatoplot coordinates whose somatocards are formed with the endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy calculated are calculated with equitation of X = Ectomorphy--Endomorphy, Y = 2 (Mesomorphy)--(Endomorphy + Ectomorphy).
While the highest ectomorphy value is obtained from the fitness group (P<0.05, table 4), it is found to be significantly higher than other two groups (P<0.05, table 4).
The first number represents the amount of endomorphy, the second number the amount of mesomorphy, and the third number the amount of ectomorphy. Thus, 7-1-1, represents extreme endomorphy; 1-7-1, extreme mesomorphy; and 1-1-7, extreme ectomorphy (S.P.
Ectomorphy = HWR x 0.732--28.58 (if HWR [greater than or equal to] 40.75),
Similarly, the main effect was significant regarding ectomorphy (F10,535 = 5.822, p < 0.001, [[eta].sup.2] = 0.071), while particular differences were identified between beginners and the other two groups, as can be seen at Figure 1.
Somatotyping components (endomorphy - mesomorphy ectomorphy) were calculated according to Carter & Heath (1990) method, using the somato type software (SomatotypeV.
For the youngest players the average values of ectomorphy component are statistically significantly higher compared to other players from all age groups (p <0.05).