Non-infectious mastitis may result from underlying duct ectasia
(periductal mastitis or plasma cell mastitis) and infrequently from foreign material (e.g., nipple piercing, breast implant, or silicone) (28, 29).
* Although the majority of intratesticular masses are malignant, a possible diagnosis of various benign intratesticular entities, including lipoma, tubular ectasia
of the rete testis, epidermoid cyst, hematoma, segmental testicular infarction, fibrosis and granulomatous orchitis, based on imaging features may improve patient management and decrease the number of unnecessary radical surgical explorations.
A discharge from a benign condition like ectasia
is usually best left alone but if you get repeated infections ducts can be surgically removed.
During 4 weeks after refractive surgery, there had not been observed rabbit corneal ectasia
. Therefore, for further investigation of the susceptibility of keratoconus formation when ACC is greater than 1/2 of the original thickness, studies on corneal biomechanical properties with deeper ablation depths and longer observation time are needed.
The role of cytokines, proteases, and oxidative stress is a central debate among the researchers, since it is hypothesized that inflammation mediators in the tear film of keratoconus patients could be one of the causes for the tissue degradation in the diseased cornea and for the progression of the ectasia
Kartalis et al., "Varicose veins are common in patients with coronary artery ectasia
. Just a coincidence or a systemic deficit of the vascular wall?" European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol.
Coronary artery ectasia
(CAE) is characterized by abnormal dilatation of a localized or diffuse segment of the epicardial coronary arteries with a luminal diameter of at least 1.5-fold of normal adjacent segment or vessel diameter .
Caption: Figure 5: Microscopic images show gallbladder wall thickening and lymphatic ectasia
. Several blood vessels in the subserosal fat are infiltrated with large, atypical lymphomatous cells.
Caption: Figure 1: Echocardiogram: (a) Massive ectasia
and aneurysmal dilatation of the right coronary artery (16 mm x 17 mm) (A), aorta (B), and left coronary artery (C).
who retrospectively identified 10 patients with gastric vascular ectasia
after undergoing bone marrow transplantation .
The gastric antral vascular ectasia
(GAVE) syndrome, also known as water-melon stomach, is another particular type of angiodysplasia, found especially in the elderly, and generating either overt GIB, but also in some cases only occult GIB.
In the United States the company sells Photrexa Viscous and Photrexa, orphan drugs indicated for the treatment of progressive keratoconus and corneal ectasia
following refractive surgery, which was FDA approved in 2016.