ecological fallacy

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ecological fallacy

a false assumption that the presence of a pathogenic factor and a disease in a population can be accepted as proof that a particular individual is the cause of the disease.

ecological fallacy

In epidemiology, the erroneous attempt to determine an individual's specific risk of developing a disease from an analysis of the risk found in the study of a community or population.


emanating from or pertaining to ecology.

ecological biome
see biome.
ecological climax
the state of balance in an ecosystem when its inhabitants have established their permanent relationships with each other.
ecological fallacy
bias following misinterpretation that ecological factors affect all individuals equally.
ecological imbalance
the naturally occurring changes in the environment, e.g. bushfires, floods, volcanic fallout, which leave it unbalanced with respect to the type and quality of the feed they provide.
ecological interface
the border between two ecosystems.
ecological mosaic
a pattern of interspersed ecosystems.
ecological niche
1. the position occupied by an organism in relation to other organisms and to the environment.
2. a particular part of an ecological environment in which a particular plant or animal species prospers. It is the set of terms, in relation to food and water supply and relationship with predators and disease and with competitors, by which the organism achieves its full biological potential.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a common practice to assume the presence of ecological fallacy (Robinson 1950) and low-level validity when analyzing an ecological study.
An analysis could have been done based on the 107 census tracts, although some of the larger census tracts might not be internally homogeneous and the ecological fallacy would be a problem even at this level.

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