eclampsia


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eclampsia

 [e-klamp´se-ah]
in pregnant women, the convulsive stage of preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome; the convulsions are not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy. It is a potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by hypertension, generalized edema, and proteinuria. Preeclampsia is a less severe, nonconvulsive form of the disorder. adj., adj eclamp´tic.
puerperal eclampsia that occurring after or during childbirth.
uremic eclampsia eclampsia due to uremia.

ec·lamp·si·a

(ek-lamp'sē-ă),
Occurrence of one or more convulsions, not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy or cerebral hemorrhage, in a patient with preeclampsia.
[G. eklampsis, a shining forth]

eclampsia

(ĭ-klămp′sē-ə)
n.
Coma or convulsions in a patient with preeclampsia, occurring in late pregnancy, during labor, or within 24 hours after giving birth.

e·clamp′tic (-tĭk) adj.

eclampsia/pre-eclampsia

(From Greek eklampsis, shining forth) Metabolic toxemia of pregnancy Obstetrics A condition which usually develops in late pregnancy or the immediate puerperium Clinical HTN, hemoconcentration, sodium retention with resultant edema Lab Albuminuria, proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, ↑ nitrogen/BUN; pre-eclampsia is most common in primigravidas, after the 24th gestational wk, but may occur as soon as trophoblastic tissue is present Treatment If mild, bed rest and sedation; if severe, antihypertensives–eg, vasodilators, α methyldopa; if convulsions, magnesium sulfate. See HELLP syndrome.

ec·lamp·si·a

(ĕ-klamp'sē-ă)
Occurrence of one or more convulsions, not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy or cerebral hemorrhage, in a patient with preeclampsia.
[G. eklampsis, a shining forth]

eclampsia

A serious complication of pregnancy in which dangerous seizures occur with a high mortality. Eclampsia is always preceded by the warning state of pre-eclampsia. This consists of raised blood pressure, OEDEMA, and protein (albumin and sometimes globulin) in the urine. The risk of eclampsia ceases soon, but not immediately, after the baby is born. It has recently been discovered that a rise in the levels of circulating angiogenic factors can predict the development of pre-eclampsia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Treatment consists of screening for pre eclampsia, treatment of hypertension, early referral to specialists and fetal surveillance.
The final analysis included 410 patients who met the inclusion criteria, with 138 patients in the study group (eclampsia group), and 272 patients in the control group.
During this period, 70 patients presented in labour room with eclampsia. The data was collected from medical records of these patients.
The global impact of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Semin Perinatol 2009; 33:130-7.
Eclampsia was defined as occurrence of convulsion in pregnant women after 20 weeks gestation in the absence of medical causes in a patient who was not a known epileptic [22].
"Just 40 per cent of all facilities (excluding community clinics) get supplies of injectable osytocin to stop hemorrhage and only 28 per cent receives injectable magnesium sulphate to treat eclampsia," said the report.
Our study suggests that the findings of bilateral uterine artery diastolic notching on doppler ultrasound indicator for developing pre- eclampsia which is consistent with a recent report where ultrasound along with demographic, and clinical parameters were combined to predict occurrence of pre-eclampsia17.
A total of 188 patients were admitted as cases of eclampsia constituting 3.78% of obstetric admissions.
Names of patients with the diagnosis of eclampsia were identified from the 'birth register' and information retrieved from the relevant hospital records.
The present study has been undertaken to compare the changes in maternal serum lipoprotein in normal pregnancy and primiparous patients with eclampsia.
Em uma revisao sistematica recente de 2751 gestacoes em 1842 pacientes com LES, foi encontrada reativacao da doenca em 25,6% dos casos, hipertensao em 16,3%, nefrite em 16,1%, pre-eclampsia em 7,6%, eclampsia em 0,8% e prematuridade em 39,4% dos partos.