First, many ecclesiastical laws
had been made in the Catholic Church's own institutional interests and went beyond its legitimate bounds.
Her most recent book, which examines the problem of ecclesiastical law
(tserkovnoe pravo) in the functioning of Russia's state system from the late 18th century until 1917, is the broader of the two in its chronological scope.
In England, it is an institution which was recognized both by the common law and the ecclesiastical law
. This concept of marriage migrated to the American colonies.
See Troianos, Lectures on Ecclesiastical Law
, 91-92 and 94; Konidaris, "Legal Status of Minority Churches and Religious Communities in Greece," 172-74; and A.
In examining both the history of the will and that of marriage, Sheehan elucidates the role of the Church in terms of the construction of ecclesiastical law
and its influence on common law and societal practice, with particular emphasis on the status of women.
Though the church has to change, it may not change `divine law' (jus divinum) but only ecclesiastical law
. Jus divinum is irreversible.
The medieval canonists, in a classic fit of legal double-talk, defined the church as a corporate person whose legal authority resided ultimately in the Catholic people but was exercised by officeholders chosen according to the norms of divine and ecclesiastical law
- law that was defined, of course, by the officeholders themselves.
Hence one of the notable, perhaps unique, features of the volume: its focus on the way natural law functions in ecclesiastical law
and church order.
Under both civil and ecclesiastical law
, the procurement of a marriage through force or fraud invalidates the marriage and the aggrieved party is entitled to an annulment.
Makowski has used a very wide range of legal documents involving many different aspects of the complex secular and ecclesiastical law
that governed management and holdings of religious women s corporate estates.
She is a member of the Charity Law Association, Ecclesiastical Law
Association and the Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners.
Connell, a retired Milwaukee priest and member of the Catholic Whistleblowers victims' advocacy group, acted as the catalyst to the appeal and contends that Finn's actions--or inactions--violate ecclesiastical law
and thus require some form of church response.