eating disorder


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eating

 [ēt´ing]
the act of ingestion.
binge eating uncontrolled ingestion of large quantities of food in a given amount of time, often with a sense of lack of control over the activity. It is sometimes followed by purging.
eating disorder any in a group of disorders in which abnormal feeding habits are associated with psychological factors. Characteristics may include a distorted attitude toward eating, handling and hoarding food in unusual ways, loss of body weight, nutritional deficiencies, dental erosion, electrolyte imbalances, and denial of extreme thinness. More common conditions include anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Persons with eating disorders of this kind characteristically misperceive themselves as either overweight or of normal weight. Eating disorders have reached epidemic proportions throughout the world, especially among women under the age of 25. The condition is seen only in countries in which food is readily available; it is not found in parts of the world where famine and starvation threaten.
Patient Care. Treatment of eating disorders usually is on an outpatient basis unless severe malnutrition and electrolyte imbalances demand aggressive therapy, severe depression and suicidal tendencies endanger the patient, or there is evidence that the patient cannot cope with daily living without resorting to abnormal eating patterns and purging. Additionally, the family and home environment may be creating unbearable tension because of a power struggle over the patient's abnormal eating pattern.ƒ

Although there are various modes of therapy for eating disorders, the goals of care are to help the patient (1) normalize eating behaviors, (2) develop a more realistic perception of his or her body and its need for food, (3) learn more healthful and effective adaptive coping mechanisms, (4) learn more about the issues and conflicts underlying the eating disorder, (5) utilize support systems more effectively, and (6) improve his or her sense of self-worth and self-esteem.

Nursing diagnostic categories that are commonly associated with eating disorders include alteration in nutrition, alteration in bowel elimination (constipation), ineffective family coping, self-care deficit (feeding), disturbance in self-concept, sexual dysfunction, spiritual distress, and role disturbance.

A holistic approach to correction of abnormal eating patterns requires an interdisciplinary approach and the cooperative and coordinated efforts of physicians, nurses, social workers, physical therapists, dietitians, and mental health workers.

eating disorder

n.
Any of various psychiatric disorders, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia, characterized by severe disturbances in eating behavior.

eating disorder

Psychiatry Any of a group of conditions–eg, anorexia nervosa–AN, bulimia nervosa–BN, binge-eating disorder–BED and variants–characterized by a serious disturbance in eating–eg, a marked ↓ in intake or bingeing and distress or excessive concern about body shape or weight, which may have an adverse effect on health due to physiologic sequelae of altered nutrition or purging Epidemiology More common in industrialized societies, where 3% of young ♀ have ED; 5-15% of AN and 40% of BED occur in ♂; 50% of EDs are unrecognized Clinical Extremely low weight, hypotension, bradycardia, hypothermia, dry skin, hypercarotenemia, lanugo, acrocyanosis, breast atrophy, amenorrhea, delayed puberty, swollen salivary glands, abnormal dentition, perimolysis, abrasions on the dorsum of the hand, prolonged QT interval, reduced left ventricular mass Lab Normal in absence of emesis; ↓ K+ with ↑ bicarbonate is linked to frequent vomiting or diuretic use; non-anion gap acidosis is linked to laxative abuse; ↓ Na+ occurs in AN, reflecting ↑ water intake or SIADH; also hypoglycemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and ↓ TSH; ↑ cortisol Management Medical treatment for complications of abnormal weight and purging, TPN for severe malnutrition; psychiatric treatment–individual, group or family therapy; psychodynamic psychotherapy; psychopharmacology is ± effective for most EDs except AN Prognosis 80% recovery partially or completely. See Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, Binge-eating disorder.

eating disorder

(ēt′ing)
Any pattern of eating that results in compromises or potential compromises to one's health. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia, pica, and rumination disorder of infancy are included.

Patient discussion about eating disorder

Q. I have been struggling with an eating disorder. Can I reverse this? Hi everybody! Here is Tom of 25 yrs old male. I have been struggling with an eating disorder. Now I have low bone density into the osteoporosis level. My level is -2.6. I'm still young, is there hope for me? Can I reverse this? Are there any herbs or other supplements that may help me?

A. most people who has eating disorder wouldn't believe you if you'll say them they have a problem. anorexic girls believe they are fat even when they are all skin and bones. you passed that stage. that stage was the hard one. not that you are facing an easy journey, but the hardest part is behind you. here is a site that will be a big help for you:

http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/p.asp?WebPage_ID=286&Profile_ID=41156

Q. what should i eat and not eat

A. depends on the situation,but i would talk to a nutrition professional,

Q. Can eating carbs help you lose weight?

A. nope- they do just the opposite. carbohydrates are a compound sugar. there are diets that use only carbs, diets that use non but in the end- they are just unhealthy.

More discussions about eating disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
The rise in diets is also parallel to the rise of eating disorders."
Abigail Easter, one of the authors of the paper who developed training materials to help identify eating disorders in pregnancy, added: "There is a need for more training for practitioners and midwives on how to recognise eating disorders in pregnancy, which could help to reduce the long-term impact of mental ill-health."
Hope Virgo, who spearheaded the campaign, said: "When asked to imagine someone suffering with an eating disorder, most will imagine a stick-thin, gaunt-looking girl.
"The factors behind eating disorders are often complex, but early intervention must be a priority, so that children get help when problems first emerge, before their conditions escalate.
The pill simply masks the problem and makes it difficult to accurately monitor successful treatment of the eating disorder, indicated by a return of normal menses.
While eating disorders are a mental illnesses, they can lead to dangerous physical complications.
However, McCabe tells Addiction Professional, "As a trainer on LGBT issues, I find many clinicians are surprised when I share information on eating disorders with gay and bisexual youth."
disease ge muscleTheaa The most common eating disorders are anorexia and bulimia, though the figures also include other forms of eating disorders that do not fall into either category.
"Beat's helpline receives calls from across the UK from males experiencing an eating disorder, but also many calls from people calling about others they're worried about, particularly from mums worried about their sons.
An Indiana University study that included interviews with regular pro-ana bloggers found many of those bloggers felt the websites in effect granted permission for them to continue with their eating disorder (Monroe, 2018).
The higher risk of developing an eating disorder among transgender individuals makes sense.
Eating Disorders Sourcebook: Basic Consumer Health Information About Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge eating Disorder, and Other Eating Disorders and Related Concerns..., 4th Edition

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