He subsequently summoned executives from Altria and Juul to his offices to explain the tobacco giant's reasoning behind its $13 billion investment in the e-cig
However, respiratory mechanics were adversely affected only in mice exposed to cigarette smoke - and not to e-cig
vapour after prolonged treatment.
"These data indicate that e-cigs
should not be considered safe and that they induce significant deleterious effects" on blood vessel function, wrote the authors.
To study e-cigarette dependence, researchers developed an online survey, including questions designed to assess previous dependence on cigarettes and almost identical questions to assess current dependence on e-cigs
More than 3 million middle and high school students were current users of e-cigarettes in 2015, (1) and e-cigs
were the most commonly used tobacco product among middle and high school students that year.
[6,12] Further questions related to safety and effectiveness of e-cig
was added to cover study objective.
One of them - ex-LA Galaxy football star Daniel Califf, 35 - was left with concussion, a hole in his cheek and burns to his face, ear and neck when his e-cig
's battery exploded.
Based on what is known about the health effects of e-cig
use, it would seem e-cigs
might be hailed as an advance in public health insofar as they offer cigarette smokers a safer product.
The product that will ultimately control the e-cig
market probably hasn't yet been invented, according to Herzog and conference attendees.
Critics of vaping are demanding regulatory action that would go far beyond current efforts to ban e-cig
sales to minors under 18, the type of law the New Hampshire Legislature passed in 2010.
Health advocates very strongly want them classified the same as regular cigarettes, but many e-cig
users and all e-cig
manufacturers want them classified as smoking cessation devices, i.e., non-tobacco products.