calcinosis cutis

(redirected from dystrophic calcinosis)

cal·ci·no·sis cu·'tis

a deposit of calcium in the skin; usually occurs secondary to a preexisting inflammatory, degenerative, or neoplastic dermatosis, and is frequently seen in scleroderma. See: metastatic calcification.

calcinosis cutis

A condition characterised by circumscribed subcutaneous deposition of calcium, which may occur in a background of chronic inflammation, e.g., in connective tissue diseases, including scleroderma and systemic lupus eythematosus.
 
Management
Intralesional steroid injection; etidronate disodium, a diphosphonate, may inhibit biomineralisation; surgery is of questionable efficacy.

calcinosis cutis

Dermatology Circumscribed subcutanous deposition of calcium, which may occur in a background of chronic inflammation–eg, in connective tissue diseases–eg, scleroderma, SLE Management Medical; intralesional steroid injection; etidronate disodium, a diphosphonate, may inhibit biomineralization; surgery is of questionable efficacy

Profichet,

Georges Charles, French physician, 1873–.
Profichet syndrome - calcareous deposits, primarily affecting extremities. Synonym(s): calcinosis circumscripta; calcinosis cutis
References in periodicals archive ?
This paper presents a case report of dystrophic calcinosis cutis in a 14-year-old male, resulting from inflammatory facial acne.
Despite the fact that it was a solitary lesion, it was diagnosed as dystrophic calcinosis cutis.
Dystrophic calcinosis cutis occurs in areas of tissue damage secondary to infection, inflammatory processes, connective tissue diseases, or cutaneous neoplasms [7].
In addition, it is the only reported case of dystrophic calcinosis cutis reported in the orthodontic setting.
Diagnosis of dystrophic calcinosis cutis is based on serological investigations, suitable imaging, and biopsy if required [1, 2, 4].
Due to its radiopaque nature, dystrophic calcinosis cutis can be visualized on plain film radiographs; however, other useful modalities which could have been used include cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and ultrasound [1].
Dystrophic calcinosis is the most common type associated with connective tissue disorders and in traumatized tissues e.g., Dermatomyositis and Ehlers Danlos syndrome.
Causal theories for dystrophic calcinosis focus on soft tissue inflammation or injury that leads to tissue necrosis and alkaline phosphatase release by damaged lysozymes.

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