I do not view the representation of the black people as racist, but rather as an expression of the impact of the past on the dystopian future that is depicted in the novel.
The novel suggests a return to a form of apartheid to escape from the dystopian future that is portrayed, and the mistakes of the past are repeated as a result of historical amnesia.
The Afrikaans dystopian novels published after 1999 are part of a development in Afrikaans literature since 1990 in which the South African past is recalled and examined.
Although there seems to be a possibility for change at the end of Oemkontoe, the influence of the past on the dystopian future that is portrayed is never acknowledged.
Although the engagement with the past is more constructive in some of the Afrikaans dystopian novels than in others, as in dystopian literature in general, history becomes an important tool in the characters' search for identity and meaning within dystopian circumstances in all the novels.
Fukui's work is the first published dystopia written by a child about childhood (Fukui wrote the book when he was only fifteen), and after reading Truancy and the comments generated by the on-line community that surrounds it, one cannot help but wonder whether contemporary youth are beginning to imagine their own world in dystopian terms, much as the politicians, scholars, pundits, and novelists who surround them have been doing for some time.
More dystopian novels were published between 2010-2010 than in any other decade; there are now enough dystopias written for the young adult audience to compile a list of "Fifty Fantastic Young Adult Dystopian Novels" (www.
For the last century, the dystopian novel has served the purpose of fictionalizing society's greatest fears.
In the dystopian film of the same name, Soylent Green is a food product that is fed to a starving population--at the end of the film is it revealed that Soylent Green is in fact made from people.
Space does not permit an examination of the many other dystopian novels that focus on childhood and education.