dysfluency


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dysfluent

 [dis-floo´ent]
proceeding with difficulty; said of speech disorders such as stuttering.

disfluency

Speech that exhibits deviations in continuity, fluidity, ease of rate and effort, with hesitations or repetition of sounds, words, or phrases; lack of skillfulness in speech. Disfluency is normal in pre-school language development. In later years, it can be due to congenital conditions such as Down’s syndrome, or acquired—either early, as in stuttering, or late, as may occur in Parkinson’s disease.

dysfluency

Neurology A speech rhythm disorder–eg, stuttering, often characterized by the repetition of a sound, word, or phrase. See Speech disorder.

dys·flu·en·cy

, disfluency (dis-flū'ĕn-sē)
Speech interrupted in its forward flow by hesitations, repetitions, or prolongations of sounds; common manifestation of a stuttering disorder, which is also present in normal speech, particularly during speech development in young children.
See: stuttering
Synonym(s): nonfluency.
References in periodicals archive ?
The erratic signing and writing cannot be definitively attributed to psychosis because of the phenomenon of language dysfluency. Additionally the writings presented for case #2 are of limited value as they do not represent the patients' true language patterns and this is further complicated by the chance that the patient may have been thinking in Spanish [10].
2--Producing a model to design learning environment with motivational approach in dysfluency
Language dysfluency and thought disorders can be difficult to differentiate and may be comorbid.
Comparing levels of dysfluency among students with mild learning difficulties and typical students.
The majority of iconic gestures occurred with nouns and verbs, which were low or very low in terms of transitional probability, but which did not reflect any accessing problem in terms of any associated dysfluency.
Laryngeal and articulatory dynamics of dysfluency interpreted within a vocal tract model.
For example, some children are characterised by dysfluency and impoverished language output whilst others evidence excessive verbal output reflecting difficulty in maintaining a conversational goal.
We recognize that there are some jobs where severe dysfluency would be a disadvantage, but too often people who stammer are viewed as being less capable.
Dysfluency appears as inhibitions, hesitancies, inefficiencies, blocks.
With stuttering or with normal dysfluency, it is important to keep several things in mind.
The left anterior hemisphere, when injured, has been found to result in dysfluency of thought and word, which makes it difficult for injured persons to express thoughts and feelings in words.
Therefore, it is noted that the work related to breathing may be inserted into the therapeutic process in voice disorders, orofacial motricity, and also in some approaches targeted to the treatment of dysfluency. However, even when the treatment is not targeted to voice issues, it can be noted that the breathing pattern, when regarded as predominantly oral, determines an increased effort of the vocal emission of the child, a fact which may cause an overload in the larynx and may also contribute for the presence of a vocal disorder [14].