dysexecutive syndrome

dysexecutive syndrome

(dis″eg-zek′yŭ-tiv) [ dys- + L. executivus, carried out]
The consequences of diseases of the frontal lobe of the brain, in which people have cognitive difficulties, e.g., paying attention, organizing time and tasks, making plans, and solving problems, as well as psychological and emotional problems.
References in periodicals archive ?
Self-reported questionnaire consisting of 20 items, rated on a 5-point Likert scale (1: "hardly ever" -5 "often"), measuring dysexecutive syndrome in adolescents.
Deficits in executive functioning (dysexecutive syndrome) have been linked with dopaminergic depletion in prefrontal cortex6.
Frontal lobe syndrome or dysexecutive syndrome, which occurs as a result of frontal lobe injury, presents as a specific entity including the symptoms such as disorders in executive function, abstract thinking, speech production and personality, and emotional changes (e.g., reduced self-control and self-direction, lack of criticism, emotional instability, apathy, irritability, excitability, disinhibition in expressing emotions, socially improper behavior and ignoring of social rules, and changes in sexual behavior)(1).
The Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS; Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996) is a test battery designed to predict everyday dysfunctions that arise from the dysexecutive syndrome, especially among brain damaged patients.
This does not mean that participants have a dysexecutive syndrome but have some symptoms of poor executive functioning.
At neuropsychological assessment, he presented with a dysexecutive syndrome with alterations in abstract reasoning, calculation, and sequential complex tasks, beyond mild memory impairment.
Neuropsychological examination showed disturbances in complex forms of attention with unfavourable reflection on phonemic fluency and verbal declarative memory, with the presence of retroactive inhibition and dysexecutive syndrome which affect working memory, impede orientation in initial tasks, and reduce benefits from previous experience.
In this manner, if we try to understand the nature of the difficulties inherent to executive dysfunction, they can be reasonably understood as being a failure at the level of Norman & Shallice's SAS model (1986), also creating the basis for the main characteristics of dysexecutive syndrome, a term proposed by Baddeley (1986), characterized as a more functional cognitive deficit associated with frontal lobe syndrome.
Typical symptoms of behavioral variant of FTD include behavioral and cognitive changes that can be described as disinhibition syndrome, apathetic syndrome, and dysexecutive syndrome, and lead to impaired social interactions, and are often accompanied by a depression-like syndrome and cognitive symptoms caused by executive dysfunction.
Then the incapacity to control these basic cognitive functions at stake became known as the Dysexecutive Syndrome (Wilson & Gilsky, 2009).
Case descriptions and co-occurring conditions such as ADHD, Rett syndrome, disintegrative psychosis, and dysexecutive syndrome are included.
Complications associated with decision making, or, 'dysexecutive syndrome' , is attributed to impaired development of the frontal lobes and is another neuropsychological explanation about autism.