psychoanalytic psychotherapy

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any of a number of related techniques for treating mental illness by psychologic methods. These techniques are similar in that they all rely mainly on establishing a relationship between the therapist and the patient as a means of developing the patient's insight into the motivation behind his or her behavior. On occasion, drugs may be used, but only in order to make this communication easier.
Forms of Psychotherapy. Perhaps the best known form of psychotherapy is psychoanalysis, the technique developed by Dr. Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis attempts, through free association and dream interpretation, to reveal and resolve the unconscious conflicts that are at the root of mental illness.

Closely related to psychoanalysis is analytically oriented therapy, or “brief therapy.” This uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis, but tends to concentrate on the patient's present-life difficulties rather than on the unconscious roots of these difficulties.

One widely used technique is group therapy. Six to ten patients meet regularly to discuss their problems under the guidance of a group therapist. Group therapy is based on the principle of transference—that is, a patient tends to react to others in terms of his childhood attitudes toward family members. During group therapy, he may react to one member of the group as a hated rival brother, and to another as a dominating mother. In the give-and-take of discussion, he will begin to recognize the distortions in these reactions, and to see similar distortions in his day-to-day relationships with other people. Group therapy may be combined with individual therapy. Group therapy can help reduce the cost to each patient. It is also widely used in mental health centers, where it has helped relieve the great shortage of trained therapists.

Adjunctive therapy, such as occupational therapy and music therapy, is helpful in relieving tensions and emotional problems that are associated with a feeling of uselessness. Psychodrama, in which patients act out fantasies or real-life situations, may provide a means of communication for patients who are not capable of expressing their problem by speech.

Play therapy is a form of psychotherapy adapted to children. It is very difficult to induce an emotionally disturbed or even a normal child to talk about his problems. Play therapy provides an alternative. Children reveal themselves when they play with toys provided by the therapist and act out their fantasies. The therapist helps them “get things out of their system,” accepting them warmly as they are, and guiding them toward a solution to their problems. Since these are closely related to the way children are treated at home, play therapy is usually combined with some form of therapy for the parents. Family group therapy, in which the entire family meets regularly with the therapist, can be particularly effective.

Cognitive therapy is based on the idea that a person's feelings and behavior result from that person's perceptions of the world and that psychological disturbances result from faulty ways of thinking. The therapist is active in helping the patient to restructure his or her distorted perceptions, using a combination of verbal and behavior modification techniques.
brief psychotherapy psychotherapy limited to a preagreed number of sessions, generally 10 to 20, or termination date. It is usually active and directive, and often oriented toward a specific problem or symptom.
psychoanalytic psychotherapy psychoanalysis (def. 3).

psy·cho·an·a·lyt·ic psy·cho·ther·a·py

psychotherapy using freudian principles.
See also: psychoanalysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Psychotherapists from the US, Canada, Europe, and Australia address the history of narcissism; its features, including interpersonal problems, affect regulation and mentalization, intrapsychic conflicts and defenses, suicide risk, and sex and race-ethnic differences in co-occurring disorders; diagnosis, subtypes, and assessment using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual, and Pathological Narcissism Inventory; and treatment considerations, including countertransference issues, maintaining boundaries, transference-focused psychotherapy, Kohut's self psychology approach, short-term dynamic psychotherapy, schema therapy, and cognitive behavioral perspectives.
1] and treated by specific emotion-focused treatments, including Intensive Short-term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP).
At the start of his career as a psychiatrist, Nat primarily offered dynamic psychotherapy to his patients and, in some cases, he adopted more of an analytical approach.
Among his topics are the nuts and bolts of psychotherapy, goals and therapeutic action, working with resistance, using dreams and fantasies in dynamic psychotherapy, and working through and termination.
The challenge of evidence-based medicine has led to a crisis in the self-understanding of dynamic psychotherapy.
The case is discussed from the perspective of Time Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy (TLDP).
Enhanced with a Reference section, as well as a name and a subject index, Dynamic Psychotherapy is a work of impressive scholarship made thoroughly accessible to specialist and non-specialist readers alike.
Basic Principles and Techniques in Short-term Dynamic Psychotherapy.
Spiritual psychotherapy is conventional dynamic psychotherapy.
This work overviews the history, key concepts, applications, and future directions of time-limited dynamic psychotherapy, a model of psychodynamic practice called that fits the reality of short-term therapy.
Dynamic psychotherapy, which helps the patient identify his or her reasons for gambling and the consequences of that behavior, can be "extremely valuable.
The topics include god images and empathy among secondary school pupils in England, the role of Marian imagery in the lives of ordinary Catholic women, and healing the religious imagination through short-term dynamic psychotherapy.

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