Though other surgical treatments are available if conservative measures fail (e.g., sphincteroplasty, dynamic graciloplasty
, and sacral nerve stimulators), treatment for FI with DxHA injections has become increasingly popular.
(2) Others determined that colonic irrigation was an effective alternative for the treatment of persistent fecal incontinence after dynamic graciloplasty (3) and low anterior resection for a rectal carcinoma.
Colonic irrigation for defecation disorders after dynamic graciloplasty. Int J Colorectal Dis.
is another surgical intervention used in the management of faecal incontinence.
marketing approval, opting instead to focus on an alternative technology--sacral nerve modulation--which appears to be not only more effective and have fewer side effects than dynamic graciloplasty
in severe fecal incontinence, but which also is effective in medically intractable chronic constipation.