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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thereafter, on October 29 2001, or after more than five years, the oil company received another demand letter from respondent seeking to collect for the entire dutiable value of the same shipment amounting to P936,899,855.
Imports from CBI Countries by Dutiable Category, 2000-2004 Duty Import Category: 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 - Dutiable Value, all 7,778 5,590 5,462 4,902 5,770 imports ($ mil) - Calculated Duty 915 578 496 513 457 ($ thousands) - Average Duty (%) 11.
The detail of tariff experts is aimed at plugging revenue leakage brought about by careless and wrongful classification of dutiable imports.
Moreover, duty-free status was accorded for the first time to many previously dutiable articles, including most of the articles subject to the GSP competitive need limits or discretionary suspensions, and to many articles duty free under the CBERA but ineligible for the GSP, including handmade or folklore textile and apparel articles.
In general, 'any imported goods which exceeded the de minimis value shall be dutiable and subject to tax for the full dutiable amount,' CMO 28-2016 read.
Feedback gathered from several involved cargo forwarders under investigation said that their cargos were not released due to some dutiable goods, including motorcycle and car parts sent to Manila which were discovered by the Philippine Customs upon arrival.
Worldwide Priority Express - global express service for door-to-door delivery of international customs dutiable shipments
Last year, Faeldon's predecessor, Alberto Lina, got embroiled in a controversy over balikbayan boxes when he announced that these would be randomly opened on suspicion that these were being used to smuggle drugs, arms and highly dutiable goods.
In many cases, imported parts that are assembled into a finished product in an FTZ may be dutiable at a lower duty rate, rather than the higher duty that would be applied on the imported components, which helps level the playing field for domestic manufacturers.
Run After the Smugglers (RATS), meanwhile, has filed 210 cases involving P57 billion in dutiable value since 2010.
Also, customs baggage for international passengers are simplified as filing of baggage declaration will be required only for those passengers who carry dutiable goods.
The RATS cases filed by the BOC were against the alleged illegal importation of goods with a total dutiable value of P56.