of Patients Serous 5 Milky 2 Blood Stained 1 One patient who had blood stained discharge showed evidence of duct ectasia on ductogram. Rest of the cases had normal mammographic findings corresponding to the age.
One case had a Duct Ectasia, which was documented with ductogram. Another patient with nipple discharge showed areas of architectural distortion, but ultrasonogram and cytology were not positive for malignancy.
Contrast is injected under fluoroscopic guidance to obtain a ductogram
. A long (450 or 480 cms) guidewire is passed into the bile duct.
Using EMLA 30 min prior to the procedure for a sub-areolar mass or a ductogram
makes the process easier for yourself and the patient.
"There is debate over the appropriate use of ductography, as a normal ductogram
does not exclude the finding of an intraductal lesion, and complete central duct excision should remove all of the tissue commonly associated with papillomatous changes, which would make it unnecessary for localization," she said.
The ductoscope is more useful than a ductogram
, "because we find abnormalities at a higher percentage rate.
Based on diagnosis, the market has been segmented as examination, ultrasonography, biopsy, mammogram/galactography, ductograms
, Computerized Tomography (CT) and others.