(8) Furthermore, the release of glutamate in brain regions responsible for mediating drug-seeking behaviors
was reported to cause relapse to cocaine-seeking behaviors, and the release of glutamate is critical in the relapse to METH and other drugseeking behaviors.
[sup] Furthermore, a series of studies to explore neural correlates of rewarding effects and drug-seeking behavior
induced by MA and morphine focused on the interaction between the dopaminergic and opioidergic systems.
The physician suspected drug-seeking behavior
and sent the patient home with anti-cramping medication and Tylenol.
In a way, CPP reflects drug-seeking behavior
in animals and the psychological craving in humans .
Furthermore, drug abusers often invest significant time in seeking drugs, particularly illicit drugs--hence, drug-seeking behavior
. In view of the time and response cost spent in procuring illicit drugs, much has been written concerning the behavioral economics of drugs as commodities (e.g., Bickel, Yi, Mueller, Jones, & Christensen, 2010).
Doctors should take a detailed and careful drug history, especially in those patients exhibiting drug-seeking behavior
. Another caveat is to avoid all online prescriptions, in particular for controlled substances.
Animal studies of stress-induced drug use, neurobiology of stress and drug addiction, stress hormones in tolerance and withdrawal states, effects of stress on drug craving, stress induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior
and relapse, and stress induced cognitive impairment are some other topics covered in this chapter.
Additionally, professionals should suspect drug-seeking behavior
in their patients who demonstrate any of the behaviors listed in Table 1 (DEA 1999).
He calls it "pseudo-addiction," drug-seeking behavior
that centers around mere possession of the drug.
Indeed, there are many ways a patient can be difficult, including exhibiting habitual hostility, chronic drug-seeking behavior
, or consistent noncompliance; breaking appointments at the last minute; or being a no-show.
The circuitry mediating cocaine-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior
. J Neurosci 21(21): 8655-8663.