Complicating the issue, there is no official international recognition that totally drug-resistant
HEALTH chiefs have told how the deadly drug-resistant
strain of Tuberculosis which has claimed three lives in India could strike in the Midlands.
According to Hans Kluge, a special representative on drug-resistant
tuberculosis in the WHO'S European region, "This problem is a man-made phenomenon resulting from inadequate treatment or poor airborne infection control.
In industrialized countries, outbreaks of drug-resistant
TB (multidrug-resistant [MDR] and extensively drug-resistant
[XDR] TB) have occurred predominantly among male patients (1).
(2) There are few data on drug-resistant
TB from SSA, (3) probably owing to poor TB programme performance, inadequate laboratory facilities for drug susceptibility testing (DST), and poor surveillance, data collection and reporting procedures.
The number of drug-resistant
cases went from 206 in 2000 to 389 cases in 2009.
Those without a drug-resistant
strain need a six month course of multiple antibiotics, but those with multi-drug resistant TB may need to be treated for 18 months or longer.
Recent state-wide surveillance of drug-resistant
tuberculosis in the state of Gujarat has shown resistance to flouroquinolones (FQ) in 24 per cent cases (19% among new and 25% among previously treated TB cases) (1).
isolates became the ones that survived all over the world.
tuberculosis killed about 150,000 people in 2008, and half of all the world's cases are thought in be in China and India, the World Health Organization said in a report last week.
Two people with compromised immune systems who became ill with 2009 H1N1 influenza developed drug-resistant
strains of virus after less than two weeks on therapy, report doctors from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.
The discovery of antibiotics in distillers' grains has raised concern that ethanol plants could breed and disperse drug-resistant
bacteria, and that those bugs could share their genes with bacterial species that cause human diseases.