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A method of staying afloat by using a minimum amount of energy. It may be kept up for hours even by nonswimmers, whereas only the most fit and expert could swim for more than 30 min. Details of the drownproofing technique may be obtained from local chapters of the American Red Cross. See: illustration


1. Rest: The person takes a deep breath and sinks vertically beneath the surface, relaxes the arms and legs, keeps the chin down, and allows the fingertips to brush against the knees. The neck is relaxed and the back of the head is above the surface. 2. Get set: The arms are raised gently to a crossed position with the back of the wrists touching the forehead. At the same time, the person steps forward with one leg and backward with the other. 3. Lift head, exhale: With the arms and legs in the previous position, the head is raised quickly but smoothly to the vertical position and the person exhales through the nose. 4. Stroke and kick, inhale: To support the head above the surface while inhaling through the mouth, the arms sweep gently outward and downward and both feet step downward. 5. Head down, press: As the person drops beneath the surface, the head goes down and the arms and hands press downward to arrest descent. 6. Rest: It is important to relax completely as in the first step for 6 to 10 sec.

References in periodicals archive ?
Soldiers in the headquarters company must qualify on their weapons, complete training for a valid military driver's license, undergo annual drownproofing, train on warrior tasks and battle drills, attend numerous schools, and satisfy many other requirements.
Under hypothermic conditions, avoid the drownproofing technique, because it requires putting your head in the water and will cause you to cool more than 80 percent faster than if floating with your head out of the water.