drop arm test

drop arm test

(drop ahrm test)
Maneuver used to determine integrity of the supraspinatus muscle and tendon. With the shoulder abducted 90 degrees, the patient is asked to lower the arm of the affected shoulder. A positive result shows the patient cannot lower the arm slowly and smoothly.
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DROP ARM TEST

drop arm test

A test used to identify tears of the rotator cuff muscle group, esp. supraspinatus. With the patient sitting or standing, the painful shoulder is fully abducted by the examiner and released. The patient actively lowers the arm without support from the examiner. In the presence of rotator cuff tears, the arm will fall uncontrollably to the side from a position of about 90 degrees of abduction.
See: illustration
References in periodicals archive ?
If all 3 are positive, there is a 98% chance of a rotator cuff tear; if 2 tests are positive and the patient is older than 60 years, the findings are suggestive of a tear; and if all 3 tests (plus the drop arm test) are negative, there is less than a 5% chance of a major rotator cuff tear.