drive theory


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drive theory

a theory of learning developed by American psychologist Clark Leonard Hull (1884-1952) which proposes that deficits in physiological needs create a state of arousal that motivates the organism to engage in a behaviour to satisfy the need in order to reduce the arousal. For example, hunger motivates the organism to seek food. The linking of the drive state with the response that leads to the reduction in arousal produces learning of that response.
References in periodicals archive ?
It could be argued that Freud increasingly turned to his death drive theory as his thinking reached its full maturity.
However, in the first new attempt by a woman to use Freud's drive theory to explain female development in well over half a century, practitioner Holmes presents a new hypothesis about the way girls use introjection in the case of parental figures to separate from powerful early objects.
For decades, the Hypoxic Drive Theory has influenced the care of patients with COPD.
However, because this hypoxic drive theory persists as a clinical mindset, its elements deserve review.
However, although the Hypoxic Drive Theory cannot be completely discounted in all C[O.
Notes from the editor: The death of the hypoxic drive theory.
But this controversy really centers around the critical claim that the preoedipal is not to be understood with Freud's synonym, "the pregenital," that is, it is not to be understood in terms of Freud's instinctual drive theory as the period in which libido is expressed primarily in and through the oral and anal erotogenic zones and in which aggression takes primarily the forms of oral sadism and anal sadism.
But, generally, it is Klein's object relations narrative that has been appropriated, and her drive theory left behind, as her work has been read together with that of other British analysts--Guntrip, Fairbairn, and Winnicott in Klein's generation--to make up a broad contingent called "Object Relations.
From this fundamental anti-Oedipus, anti-instinctual drive theory position, many auxiliary theoretical claims follow.
Both of these positions were based on Freud's drive theory, but the drive theory became, as the positions were worked and reworked, a topic of increasing controversy because it had received two such different interpretations--one that called all libido masculine and one that saw libido as from birth dual, masculine and feminine.
Haldane's rule: A defense of the meiotic drive theory.
Not confined to general theories, coverage includes examination of the relation between observing and becoming, learning theory and personality, perception, genetics and personality, self-actualization and drive theory, applications of theories of psychoanalysis, field theory in psychology according to Lewin, individual psychology, personality theory, and the phenomenological as analogy.