downstream


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Related to downstream: upstream

downstream

/down·stream/ (doun´strēm) a region of DNA or RNA that is located to the 3′ side of a gene or region of interest.
Cardiology The direction of blood flow, specifically in vessels flowing from the heart
Molecular biology A position on a molecule of interest—e.g., protein or DNA—that is ‘beyond’ or in front of a reference point; the term downstream differs according to the system involved

downstream

In genetics, at a stage in the sequence of processes in the expression of a gene that is nearer the final protein product than any stage in the direction of the DNA. The term is also used to mean in the direction of the 3'-end of a chain of bases in DNA (see PHOSPHODIESTER BOND). In both cases the opposite sense is called ‘upstream’.

downstream

(of a LOCUS on a DNA MOLECULE) relating to a position in the direction in which TRANSCRIPTION occurs, often after the transcription start site in DNA and towards the last coding region to be transcribed. By convention the DNA sequence of genes is shown from 5' (left) to 3' (right) so that ifX is on the 3' side of Y it is described as being downstream of Y. Compare UPSTREAM.

downstream

a term used in molecular biology to describe nucleotides of a nucleic acid molecule which lie in the 3′ direction from a particular reference point, such as the site of initiation of transcription. See also upstream.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Saudi Downstream Forum was created five years ago to highlight the vast investment potential with the kingdom's downstream industry and promote the development of associated industries to ultimately culminate in a global hub for manufacturing.
Tellingly, chromatography products were joined at the top by disposable purification products (also 36 percent), supporting the industry's need for advances in downstream processing.
Bahrain's downstream is a critical part of the Alba's strategy and.
The bit error rate (BER) as a function of received optical power for both the downstream and upstream transmission for channel-1 and channel-3 is shown as in Figure-2 using back to back scenario.
is really pressuring downstream steelmakers, with the global steel industry having slashed equipment utilization rate to 80%.
First, the domestic government sets tariffs on both downstream and upstream imports, while the second and third parts consist of Nash equilibria at the upstream and downstream stages.
Complete downstream systems available for all product lines.
She added that old Cargill Lake tended to be an isolated lake due to a seasonal outflow of the downstream creek, allowing little fish movement.
Perhaps just as impressive as the scale of the newest shredding plants in North America is the complexity and thoroughness of the downstream systems and the monitoring systems that keep plants operating at peak efficiency.
The massive inundation, rather than resulting from the series of storms that had soaked the region for months, occurred when engineers at Arizona's Glen Canyon Dam cranked open the floodgates to send extra water downstream.
And once the design data moves downstream into engineering tools it can't be easily re-translated to its original form so that stylists can make alterations.
The plant is thick in sections of the Santa Clara River in Valencia and officials downstream in Ventura County want it out before it spreads their way.