Since the advent of dopaminergic
agonists (Pramipexole and Ropinirole) and due to the increased incidence of augmentation, co-carbidopa is advocated only as second line therapy in restless legs syndrome with intermittent symptoms.
Vitamin D is a prohormone that plays an effective role in glucose metabolism; cardiovascular, immunologic, and dopaminergic
system functions, in addition to muscle-skeletal system functions (9).
Aiming to develop treatments for Parkinson's disease, this research group utilized neural progenitor cells induced from iPS cells derived from patients with familial Parkinson's disease and established a differentiation protocol for the stable supply of a large number of dopaminergic
Cell-replacement therapy, which shows some promise as a treatment for Parkinson's, involves differentiating stem cells into dopamine-signaling, or dopaminergic
, neurons and transplanting them into a patient's brain to replace dying neurons.
Rotenone can enters into dopaminergic
neurons because it does not depend on dopamine (DA) transporters, resulting in complex I inhibition (Betarbet et al., 2000).
There are indirect evidences of dysregulation of the dopaminergic
system in the pathogenesis of RLS, one of which is the clinical benefit of dopaminergic
agents in this population.
Before 90s presynaptic mechanisms, namely all processes determining the striatal dopamine levels like production, storage, release and reuptake by the dopaminergic
terminals, were more commonly accused for LID, as nigral dopaminergic
cell loss is the initial and the most prominent pathological finding in PD.
The company said a treatment that could both rescue dopaminergic
neurons and increase dopamine release could be a significant improvement over other approaches in treating Parkinson's disease.
Only presynaptic dopaminergic
depletions have been reported in one case each of sCJD and variant CJD by dopamine transporter (DAT) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) [5, 6].
This increase in plasma concentration of PRL suggests increased serotonergic activity and/or reduction of the dopaminergic
activity in response to increased core temperature in the hot environment (39).
With respect to the broad beneficial effects of lithium in signaling cell pathways, in the current study, the effects of several doses of lithium chloride were evaluated on dopaminergic
differentiation of human immortalized RenVm cells.
Most of the studies use amphetamine does higher than those used for treating ADHD, but (http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/315/1/91.long) Amphetamine Treatment Similar to That Used in the Treatment of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Damages Dopaminergic
Nerve Endings in the Striatum of Adult Nonhuman Primates uses doses similar to those used for treating ADHD (though I'm not sure if this paper shows neurotoxicity as opposed to mere downregulation).