dominant eye


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dom·i·nant eye

the eye that is customarily used for monocular tasks.
Synonym(s): master eye

dom·i·nant eye

(dom'i-nănt ī)
The eye that is customarily used for monocular tasks.

inheritance

The acquisition of traits, characteristics and disorders from parents to their children by transmission of genetic information. Genes come in pairs: one originating from the father, the other from the mother. If an individual presents only the hereditary characteristics determined by one gene of the pair on an autosomal chromosome, that gene is called dominant. Conditions caused by such genes are said to show autosomal dominant inheritance. For instance, for a rare autosomal dominant disease, if one parent is affected, then on average about 50% of their children will also be affected, irrespective of the children's sex. Examples: Marfan's syndrome, congenital stationary night blindness, neurofibromatosis 1 and 2, von Hippel-Lindau disease. If the individual does not present the hereditary characteristics unless both genes in a pair are of the same type, then the gene is called recessive. Conditions caused by such genes are said to show autosomal recessive inheritance. For a rare autosomal recessive disease, if a child is affected, then on average about 25% of their siblings will also be affected, irrespective of their sex. Examples: Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, Tay-Sachs disease, oculocutaneous albinism, galactokinase deficiency.Thirdly, inheritance may be controlled by genes on one of the sex chromosomes, most often the X chromosome. A recessive mutation on the single X chromosome carried by a male will cause a disease, whereas in the female, a recessive X chromosome mutation would have to be carried on both of her X chromosomes. Therefore in X-linked recessive inheritance (sex-linked recessive inheritance) males are affected more often than females. Examples: colour blindness, ocular albinism, choroideremia. A fourth type of inheritance considered in ophthalmic practice is mitochondrial (maternal) inheritance in which the inheritance of a trait encoded in the mitochondrial DNA is transmitted through the female line (mother to son or mother to daughter). Examples: Leber's hereditary optic atrophy; Kearns-Sayre syndrome. See acquired; chromosome; defective colour vision; gene; hereditary.
Table I5 Divisions of the infrared spectrum
IR-A (near)780-1400 nm
IR-B (middle)1400-3000 nm
IR-C (far)3000-1 000 000 nm
References in periodicals archive ?
The mean residual spherical equivalent in the dominant eye was -0.22 D (range = 0 to -1.50 D), and in the nondominant eye, it was -0.74 D (range = 0 to -1.25D) at the end of 6 months (Table 5).
* Stock angles and designs to get on target faster--Stock angles that allow the dominant eye to be naturally looking through the sights and resting on the cheek-piece area with little or no conscious adjustment needed to get a sight picture.
However, in sports such as archery which is about aiming based on a dominant eye, it is significantly important to know the contrast sensitivity of eyes especially when two eyes have the same visual acuity.
By doing this they can see the surrounding area and target with the non-dominant eye, and see the reticle with the dominant eye. Let them practice rapidly engaging two or three targets in rapid succession, then remove the objective lens cover.
He recently experienced double vision, which he believed was due to his dominant eye being out of service for so long.
The perceptual oscillation is generally biased, thus one of the monocular inputs is seen longer (the dominant eye).
If we do not use both eyes and are not using our dominant eye, we are certainly not doing all we can to hit the ball as well as we're capable of.
CustomVue Monovision Lasik, made by Advanced Medical's Visx unit, corrects the distance vision in a patient's dominant eye and only partially corrects the other eye so it is better at seeing close up.
A dominant eye would see itself directly in a mirror but would observe the other eye looking at an angle away from the median.
In cases of unilateral strabismus, treatment usually involves forcing the misaligned eye to work harder by occluding the dominant eye with a patch or with special glasses in which one lens is covered.
Using atropine drops to blur vision in the dominant eye only works if that eye has a refractive error, said Dr.
Adams (1965) found that baseball players whose dominant eye and hand were on the same side appeared to adjust their batting stances in order to allow the dominant eye to better see the approaching ball.