The domestication of animals for food, secondary products, labour and companionship over the past 11,000 years has led to a global distribution of domesticated species
with distinct geographical patterns.
They hold a special place in every Christmas celebration and rendition of 'Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer.' Reindeer or caribou (as known in North America), which are native to arctic, subarctic, tundra, boreal and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia and North America, are the latest animals to get their genome referenced and enter the growing list of domesticated species
Signatures of multiple domestication events appear to be a general rule as they have been reported for many domesticated species
(Giuffra et al.
The number of domesticated species
is expected to increase yearly due to the decline of pollinators in agricultural areas.
For instance, did you know there are only five domesticated species
This has been the case with all domesticated species
, to one extent or another, from horses to pigs to cattle to dogs and the many others, and camels are no exception.
The germplasm collection includes common domesticated species
such as pigs, chickens, cattle, sheep, and farmed aquatic species like trout and catfish, and also less common domesticated species
like bison, elk, and even yaks.
Or, in her words, she studies "the evolution of domesticated species
of squash to determine how they're related to each other, when and where they were domesticated, [and] what genetic changes underlie domestication."
Alpacas are a domesticated species
of South American camelid, resembling a small llama.
Environment and History has long been interested in the entanglements between humans and other animals (a theme noted, for instance, in our 2014 anniversary issue, 20.4) but the large mammals (from charismatic megafauna to domesticated species
) have long held the limelight in the focus of the 'animal turn'.
It focuses on |Xam characterization of and relationships with the various domesticated species
that shared their Karoo landscape, and asks whether these relationships differ markedly from their conceptions of non-domesticated animals.