domestic abuse


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Related to domestic abuse: Emotional abuse

abuse

 [ah-būs´]
misuse, maltreatment, or excessive use.
child abuse see child abuse.
domestic abuse abuse of a person by another person with whom the victim is living, has lived, or with whom a significant relationship exists. The abuse may take the form of verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical battering, or psychological (emotional) unavailability. Abuse is a learned behavior and has an escalating cycle; abusive behavior cuts across all racial, ethnic, educational, and socioeconomic boundaries.
drug abuse see drug abuse.
elder abuse maltreatment of an older adult, ranging from passive neglect of needs to overt mental, physical, or sexual assault.
physical abuse any act resulting in a nonaccidental physical injury, including not only intentional assault but also the results of unreasonable punishment.
psychoactive substance abuse substance abuse.
sexual abuse any act of a sexual nature performed in a criminal manner, as with a child or with a nonconsenting adult, including rape, incest, oral copulation, and penetration of genital or anal opening with a foreign object. The term also includes lewd or lascivious acts with a child; any sexual act that could be expected to trouble or offend another person when done by someone motivated by sexual interest; acts related to sexual exploitation, such as those related to pornography, prostitution involving minors, or coercion of minors to perform obscene acts.
substance abuse a substance use disorder characterized by the use of a mood or behavior-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress, such as failure to fulfill social or occupational obligations or recurrent use in situations in which it is physically dangerous to do so or which end in legal problems, but without fulfilling the criteria for substance dependence. Specific disorders are named for their etiology, such as alcohol abuse and anabolic steroid abuse. DSM-IV includes specific abuse disorders for alcohol, amphetamines or similar substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, PCP or similar substances, and sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics. See also drug abuse.

domestic abuse

Abuse of people in a domestic setting. Such abuse includes physical violence (such as striking or raping a family member), passive abuse (such as withholding access to health care), psychological or emotional abuse (such as intimidation, or threatening physical harm or abandonment), and economic abuse by imposing financial dependency. Domestic abuse is common: more than two million Americans are abused or assaulted each year.

Patient care

Domestic violence should be considered in any patient who presents with unexplained bruises, lacerations, burns, fractures, or multiple injuries in various stages of healing, esp. in areas normally covered by clothing; delays seeking treatment for an injury; has a partner who is reluctant to leave the patient alone or is uncooperative or domineering; indicates that he or she has a psychiatric history or drug or alcohol problems; presents with injuries inconsistent with the “accident” reported; expresses fear about returning home or for the safety of children in the home; or talks about harming himself or herself. Professional health care providers should screen such patients privately to ensure confidentiality and patient safety. “Do you feel safe at home?” may elicit a history of abuse. A sympathetic and nonjudgmental manner helps victims communicate. Scrupulous documentation of evidence of abuse is critical. Reporting is mandatory in many states.

See also: abuse
References in periodicals archive ?
Another huge red warning flag is that many abusers have a history of domestic abuse, which, again, professionals might know before the victim, yet do nothing to keep them safe.
Renfrewshire Women's Aid and other branches of the charity across the country have partnered with the Association of Local Authority Chief Housing Officers, the Chartered Institute of Housing Scotland, the Scottish Federation of Housing Associations and Shelter Scotland, to produce a good practice guide on domestic abuse for social landlords to help them prevent women and children's homelessness and provide a service that is sensitive to their needs.
It also says policies should include intervening "effectively with tenants who perpetrate domestic abuse", promoting a proactive approach to domestic abuse with all tenants and housing partners, and uses the Scottish Government definition of domestic abuse, which includes coercive control.
The new Domestic Abuse Act criminalises psychological domestic abuse and coercive and controlling behaviour.
Women and girls are more than twice as likely as men and boys to experience domestic abuse, and are much more likely to be killed in a domestic homicide.
Jaime Richards, development and funding officer at Coventry Haven, said: "We as a specialist domestic abuse service, have experienced a significant increase in women who need our support, from 600 in 2015, to 1,600 in 2018.
Adina Claire, co-acting chief executive of Women's Aid, said: "Over the past year, the Make a Stand campaign has had a significant impact by encouraging housing professionals in more than 300 organisations to recognise the important role they have in supporting survivors of domestic abuse. No woman or child should face homelessness because they are experiencing domestic abuse."
Domestic abuse: dozens on Merseyside are made homeless as a result of trying to escape from a violent partner Picture posed by models
Anne Marie Hicks, the national procurator fiscal for domestic abuse, said: "This conviction under Scotland's groundbreaking new legislation represents a highly significant step forward in tackling domestic abuse."
Changing "the culture of acceptance" of domestic abuse and making domestic abuse socially unacceptable were two other key recommendations.
The change is part of a Government package to tackle domestic abuse and the draft Bill, published on Monday, aims to support victims and their families and pursue offenders, the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) said.