Minutes earlier, after Lieutenant Commander Takahashi had released 17 Type 99 dive-bombers
to attack Hickam Field, the remaining nine under his personal command, having already traversed the Aiea plantation sugar fields north of Pearl Harbor, turned hard to starboard upon approaching the Aliamanu Crater.
The Val was part of the Zuikaku attack force of seven Japanese Type 99 Val dive-bombers
. Swede quickly set up a short high-side run, and torched the last in line.
(20) Thus, the common belief that the American dive-bomber
attack found the Japanese flight decks practically chock-a-block with strike planes revved up and waiting to take off is clearly untrue.
"We were full of our ourselves," he reflected, "so we thought we were superior to our buddies who flew dive-bombers
like the SBD Dauntless and the SB2C Helldiver.
Fast (31 knots, or 36 miles per hour) for her girth (she displaced 41,300 tons), Akagi carried 24 Zeros, 18 Val dive-bombers
, and 18 Kate torpedo bombers.
In combination with the destruction of Akagi and Kaga by the dive-bombers
of TF 16, the IJN lost three of its four carriers (and the battle of Midway) in scarcely more than five minutes of action.
This illustrated reference for German military aircraft enthusiasts focuses on three types of German dive-bombers
used in the Spanish Civil War in the late 1930s: the Heinkel He 50; the Henschel Hs 123 Angelito; and the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka.
Kernan explains that the attack was not successful because the Japanese were simply unable to coordinate the attacks of their dive-bombers
and torpedo planes on the American aircraft carrier.
The Germans' Stuka dive-bombers
are so badly mauled they are withdrawn from the Battle.
In September, 1944, Foster took command of 849 Squadron in the Far East and, the following January, commanded a squadron of dive-bombers
during Operation Meridian, which was the largest ever undertaken by the Fleet Air Arm.
HMS Airedale, adopted by Spenborough, was wrecked in the Mediterranean in September 1942 by German land-based dive-bombers
and 44 men were killed.
The convoys suffered some of the heaviest losses in the war as Nazi U-boats and enemy dive-bombers