disuse atrophy


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Related to disuse atrophy: hypertrophy

atrophy

 [at´ro-fe]
1. decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; see also wasting.
2. to undergo or cause such a decrease. adj., adj atroph´ic.
acute yellow atrophy massive hepatic necrosis.
circumscribed cerebral atrophy pick's disease.
disuse atrophy atrophy of a tissue or organ as a result of inactivity or diminished function.
gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina a rare hereditary, slowly progressive atrophy of the choroid and pigment epithelium of the retina; inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
juvenile spinal muscular atrophy Kugelberg-Welander syndrome.
Leber's optic atrophy Leber's optic neuropathy.
lobar atrophy pick's disease.
myelopathic muscular atrophy muscular atrophy due to lesion of the spinal cord, as in spinal muscular atrophy.
olivopontocerebellar atrophy any of a group of progressive hereditary disorders involving degeneration of the cerebellar cortex, middle peduncles, ventral pontine surface, and olivary nuclei. They occur in the young to middle-aged and are characterized by ataxia, dysarthria, and tremors similar to those of parkinsonism.
peroneal atrophy (peroneal muscular atrophy) progressive neuromuscular atrophy.
progressive neuromuscular atrophy hereditary muscular atrophy beginning in the muscles supplied by the fibular (peroneal) nerves, progressing slowly to involve the muscles of the hands and arms. Called also peroneal or peroneal muscular atrophy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
senile atrophy the natural atrophy of tissues and organs occurring with advancing age.
spinal muscular atrophy progressive degeneration of the motor cells of the spinal cord, beginning usually in the small muscles of the hands, but in some cases (scapulohumeral type) in the upper arm and shoulder muscles, and progressing slowly to the leg muscles. Called also Aran-Duchenne disease, Cruveilhier's disease, and Duchenne's disease.
subacute yellow atrophy submassive necrosis of the liver associated with broad zones of necrosis, due to viral, toxic, or drug-induced hepatitis; it may have an acute course with death from liver failure occurring after several weeks, or clinical recovery may be associated with regeneration of the parenchymal cells.

dis·use at·ro·phy

muscle wasting caused by immobilization, such as casting.

disuse atrophy

A generic term encompassing the degenerative changes that tissues undergo when they are functioning at suboptimal levels; involvement of the musculoskeletal unit is characterized by atrophy of muscles, contraction of tendons and osteoporosis; diversion of GI tract flow results in a DA-type phenomenon known as diversion colitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence the potential of disuse atrophy and degeneration for the type I fibers is higher.
The effect is due to more than simply disuse atrophy (8).
Using the garments with electrostimulation can increase local circulation, relax muscle spasms, slow disuse atrophy, decrease edema, and increase range of motion.
suffer from disuse atrophy," and that senior residents were therefore more qualified to teach younger ones (and, presumably, take care of patients) than the doctors themselves.
Myburgh, "Skeletal muscle wasting with disuse atrophy is multi-dimensional: The response and interaction of myonuclei, satellite cells and signaling pathways," Frontiers in Physiology, vol 5, Article ID Article 99, 2014.
(8) Long duration of non-intake of oral feeds during the course of treatment along with ryle's tube dependence has been implicated in inducing disuse atrophy of the pharyngeal muscles.
Because recovery from disuse atrophy is delayed with aging, minimizing the period of unweighting and immobilization is optimal.
These include disuse atrophy, acute inflammatory atrophy associated with trauma (Sudeck's atrophy or algodystrophy), primary and metastatic tumours, hyperparathyroidism, gout, congenital pseudarthrosis, granulomatous diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, psoriatic arthritis, osteomyelitis, systemic mastocytosis, aseptic necrosis, neurogenic arthropathy, prolonged steroid therapy, bony aneurysm, and cystic angiomatous of bone.