distributive shock


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Related to distributive shock: hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, Neurogenic shock

distributive shock

Shock in which there is a marked decrease in peripheral vascular resistance and consequent hypotension. Examples are septic shock, neurogenic shock, and anaphylactic shock.
See also: shock
References in periodicals archive ?
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a vasoconstrictor indicated to increase blood pressure in adults with septic or other distributive shock. In August 2019, GIAPREZA was approved by the European Commission (EC) for the treatment of refractory hypotension in adults with septic or other distributive shock who remain hypotensive despite adequate volume restitution and application of catecholamines and other available vasopressor therapies.
In this case, imatinib caused severe acute distributive shock and multiorgan failure secondary to massive histamine release and cytokine storm evident by the temporal relation with initiation of therapy and dramatic decline of eosinophilic count to zero.
No septic or anaphylactic etiology was identified as a cause of the patient's distributive shock. There was no clinical or biochemical evidence of adrenal insufficiency.
On hospital day three, the patient developed acute, severe distributive shock refractory to four separate vasopressors at high doses (maximum infusion rate): norepinephrine (0.4 mcg/kg/min), epinephrine (0.3 mcg/kg/min), dopamine (20 mcg/kg/min), and vasopressin (0.15 units/kg/hr).
Distributive shock is defined as a maldistribution of blood flow.