Most of them concern eyelid surgery, where the topics include trichiasis and distichiasis
, ectropion, and upper eyelid reconstruction.
There are several forms of primary lymphedema, but the two main causes in children are Milroy disease and lymphedema distichiasis
. The age of onset (congenital or pubertal), family history, location of swelling, associated conditions, and dysmorphic features, and underlying genetic causes are critical in the differential diagnosis of pediatric lymphedema.
* Congenital, such as when meibomian glands are absent or are replaced by an additional row of lashes (distichiasis
There is also a condition called distichiasis
where eyelashes grow in abnormal places such as the inside of the eyelid and, although it can occur in any breed of dog, cocker spaniels, dachshunds, bulldogs and weimaraners are particularly prone.
The condition may occur following progression of complicated corneal ulcers (Wilkie et al., 1997) or resultant of full thickness corneal lacerations (Ranganath et al., 2009) or distichiasis
, keratitis sicca, trauma due to foreign body, tumors and entropion (Slatter, 2003).
Cases with accompanying trichiasis and distichiasis
and patients who had previously undergone conjunctival or eyelid surgery were not included in the study.
Diseases such as exophthalmos, lagophthalmos, medial corner entropion, nasal trichiasis, distichiasis
, changes in tear production and keratopathy by exposure are cited.
...Elizabeth Taylor had a genetic mutation which made her famous violet eyes even more alluring - a medical condition called distichiasis
meant she had a double set of eyelashes.
The "mutation" in question was nothing more sinister than an extra set of eyelashes, a rare medical condition known as distichiasis
, reports the Daily Mail.
Corneal ulceration, bacterial infections, viral infections, foreign bodies, allergies, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, distichiasis
, entropion, and ectropion can all be associated with conjunctivitis.
Clinicians who suspect this is the cause of a patient's discomfort will need to differentiate it from acquired distichiasis
, which is metaplastic eyelash growth that results from chronic lid inflammation.
Liquid nitrogen or nitrous oxide has been used to freeze and ablate hair follicles for treatment of distichiasis
, trichiasis, and ectopic cilia.