distal phalanx

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

distal phalanx

any one of the small distal bones in the third row of phalanges of the hand or the foot (second phalanx in the thumb and great toe). Each one at the end of the finger has a convex dorsal surface and a flat palmar surface, with a rough elevation at the end of the palmar surface that supports a fingernail and its sensitive pulp. The distal phalanx of each of the toes is smaller and more flattened than that of a finger; it also has a rough elevation to support the toenail and its pulp. Also called ungual phalanx.

distal phalanx

The phalanx most remote from the metacarpus or metatarsus. Synonym: terminal phalanx; ungual phalanx
See also: phalanx

Distal Phalanx

The outermost bone of any finger or toe.
Mentioned in: Mallet Finger


remote; farther from any point of reference. See also direction.

distal convoluted tubule
the part of the renal tubular system interposed between the nephron loop and the arched collecting tubule. See also convoluted tubules.
distal interphalangeal joints
see Table 11.
distal phalanx
third phalanx.
distal sesamoid
navicular bone in the horse.
distal tarsal bones
the tarsal bones adjacent to the metatarsals.
References in periodicals archive ?
X-ray of the left hand showed the left index finger amputation at distal phalanx distal to DIP joint (Fig.
An incision was designed to amputate the distal phalanx, as well as raise plantar and dorsal flaps.
At the hand field, a K-wire was carefully passed through the distal phalanx in the second toe after the articular cartilage had been removed with a rongeur.
In the distal phalanx, a search for the artery on the palmar side will likely reveal the terminal branch of the digital artery that runs close to the midline, which is known as the central artery of the pulp.
Examples include volar and dorsal fractures of the distal phalanx, volar plate injuries of the middle phalanx, and gamekeeper's thumb involving the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint.

Full browser ?