disseminated tuberculosis


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Related to disseminated tuberculosis: sarcoidosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, Miliary TB

mil·i·a·ry tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

general dissemination of tubercle bacilli in the blood, resulting in the formation of miliary tubercles in various organs and tissues, and occasionally producing symptoms of profound toxemia.

disseminated tuberculosis

A chronic, contagious infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which has spread from the lungs to other organs by blood or lymphatics, after inhaling droplets sprayed into the air by coughing or sneezing by a person infected with M tuberculosis. Disseminated tuberculosis is characterised by granulomas of involved organs and develops in patients with immune defects.
 
Tissues affected
Pericardium, peritoneum, larynx, bronchus, cervical lymph nodes, bones, joints, genitourinary system, eye, stomach, meninges, skin.
 
Risk of contracting TB
Increases with crowding, unsanitary living conditions, poor nutrition; Hispanics, Native Americans, African Americans; HIV infection, homelessness, elders, infants; those with incomplete treatment of TB, leading to proliferation of drug-resistant strains.

disseminated tuberculosis

Miliary tuberculosis Infectious disease A chronic, contagious infection by M tuberculosis, which has spread from the lungs to other organs by blood or lymphatics, after inhaling droplets sprayed into the air from a cough or sneeze by a person infected with M tuberculosis; DT is characterized by granulomas of involved organs and develops in Pts with immune defects Tissues affected Pericardium, peritoneum, larynx, bronchus, cervical lymph nodes, bones, joints, genitourinary system, eye, stomach, meninges, skin Risk of contracting TB Crowding, unsanitary living conditions, poor nutrition, Hispanics, Native Americans, African Americans, HIV infection, homelessness, elderly, infants, those with incomplete treatment of TB, leading to proliferation of drug-resistant strains. See Tuberculosis.

a·cute tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

(ă-kyūt' tū-bĕr'kyū-lō'sis)
A rapidly fatal disease due to the general dissemination of acid-fast bacilli in the blood, resulting in the formation of miliary tubercles in various organs and tissues, and producing symptoms of profound toxemia.
Synonym(s): disseminated tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Louzir et al., "Disseminated tuberculosis in non-immunocompromised hosts: A report of three cases," La Revue de Medecine Interne, vol.
Disseminated tuberculosis associated with ruxolitinib.
Disseminated tuberculosis is rare in developed countries but has a strong correlation with widespread use of immunosuppressive drugs, the HIV status, and immigration patterns.
We performed a retrospective case record study to describe clinical and pathological characteristics, as well as treatment outcomes of HIV-infected patients with disseminated tuberculosis from the Regional HIV/AIDS Center Constanta, Romania, and to determine associated risk factors.
tuberculosis for children less than two years of age, with a risk of progression to disseminated tuberculosis and meningitis from 10 to 20% and tuberculosis in general of 50%, makes it essential to diagnose latent M.
One obvious reason is that we fail to recognise what can be subtle changes of motor or cognitive function in patients who are battling more acute illnesses (such as disseminated tuberculosis).
Common examples of non-respiratory tuberculosis are tuberculous lymphadenopathy, tuberculous meningitis and disseminated tuberculosis.
Severe immune hemolytic anemia in disseminated tuberculosis with response to antituberculosis therapy.
A majority of the tuberculosis cases occurring in the course of various autoimmune and rheumatologic diseases, including Behcet's disease, have been associated with the use of TNF-a blockers.[4-6] Therefore, performing screenings for tuberculosis before these treatments and administering prophylaxis upon detection of latent tuberculosis is required.[4,7] Despite negative screening and isoniazid prophylaxis, tuberculosis cases have been reported.[5-7] In the present case, the patient experienced severe disseminated tuberculosis despite never using a TNF-a blocker.
Abdominal ultrasound findings of disseminated tuberculosis in AIDS.
In disseminated tuberculosis, foci of specific lesions (granulomas) comprised large central zones of caseous necrosis surrounded by a few inflammatory cells.
Paradoxical response to antituberculous therapy in infliximab-treated patients with disseminated tuberculosis. Clinical Infectious Disease 2005;40:755-9.

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