disseminated tuberculosis


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Related to disseminated tuberculosis: sarcoidosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, Miliary TB

mil·i·a·ry tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

general dissemination of tubercle bacilli in the blood, resulting in the formation of miliary tubercles in various organs and tissues, and occasionally producing symptoms of profound toxemia.

disseminated tuberculosis

A chronic, contagious infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which has spread from the lungs to other organs by blood or lymphatics, after inhaling droplets sprayed into the air by coughing or sneezing by a person infected with M tuberculosis. Disseminated tuberculosis is characterised by granulomas of involved organs and develops in patients with immune defects.
 
Tissues affected
Pericardium, peritoneum, larynx, bronchus, cervical lymph nodes, bones, joints, genitourinary system, eye, stomach, meninges, skin.
 
Risk of contracting TB
Increases with crowding, unsanitary living conditions, poor nutrition; Hispanics, Native Americans, African Americans; HIV infection, homelessness, elders, infants; those with incomplete treatment of TB, leading to proliferation of drug-resistant strains.

disseminated tuberculosis

Miliary tuberculosis Infectious disease A chronic, contagious infection by M tuberculosis, which has spread from the lungs to other organs by blood or lymphatics, after inhaling droplets sprayed into the air from a cough or sneeze by a person infected with M tuberculosis; DT is characterized by granulomas of involved organs and develops in Pts with immune defects Tissues affected Pericardium, peritoneum, larynx, bronchus, cervical lymph nodes, bones, joints, genitourinary system, eye, stomach, meninges, skin Risk of contracting TB Crowding, unsanitary living conditions, poor nutrition, Hispanics, Native Americans, African Americans, HIV infection, homelessness, elderly, infants, those with incomplete treatment of TB, leading to proliferation of drug-resistant strains. See Tuberculosis.

a·cute tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

(ă-kyūt' tū-bĕr'kyū-lō'sis)
A rapidly fatal disease due to the general dissemination of acid-fast bacilli in the blood, resulting in the formation of miliary tubercles in various organs and tissues, and producing symptoms of profound toxemia.
Synonym(s): disseminated tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
concluded that manifestations of tuberculosis in HIV/AIDS patients are in relationship with the CD4 count and disseminated tuberculosis was only found in patients with CD4 counts below 100 cells/[micro]L.
5-7] In the present case, the patient experienced severe disseminated tuberculosis despite never using a TNF-a blocker.
14) The risk factor emerged from the study was presence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, of which tubercular lymphadenitis and disseminated tuberculosis predominates.
Macroscopic study of the lungs often revealed miliary bilateral disseminated tuberculosis, but macronodular dissemination and caseous pneumonia were rare.
Unusual presentation of a common disease: disseminated tuberculosis in an immunocompetent patient.
Two decades of disseminated tuberculosis at a university medical center: the expanding role ofmycobacterial blood culture.
Although disseminated tuberculosis is decreasing steadily in Brazil due to massive intradermal BCG vaccination in newborns, severe cases with multifocal involvement still occur, particularly in impoverished populations, which can be successfully treated.
Disseminated tuberculosis, pulmonary aspergillosis and cutaneous herpes simplex infection in a patient with infliximab and methotrexate.
Disseminated tuberculosis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome era.
The consequences of latent TB amongst the contacts are considerable and may exacerbate rapidly leading to disseminated tuberculosis.

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