disseminated coccidioidomycosis

dis·sem·i·nated coc·cid·i·oi·do·my·co·sis

a severe, chronic, and progressive form of coccidioidomycosis with spread from the lung to other organs. Patients with this disease are usually significantly immunocompromised.

dis·sem·i·nat·ed coc·ci·di·o·i·do·my·co·sis

(di-sem'i-nā-tĕd kok-sid'ē-oy'dō-mī-kō'sis)
A severe, chronic, and progressive form of coccidioidomycosis spread from the lungs to other organs. Patients with this disease usually are significantly immunocompromised. The disease is caused by the fungus Coccidioides immitis and tends to be more severe in dark-skinned people.
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Thirty-two (3%) patients had disseminated coccidioidomycosis and 20 (2%) had meningitis; 18 (1%) died.
Disseminated coccidioidomycosis may present in the central nervous system as abscesses, granulomas, or cystic lesions.
Dogs with disseminated coccidioidomycosis carry a grave prognosis despite standard treatment with fluconazole with or without terbinafine.
The differentiation between a primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis and a disseminated one without obvious pulmonary symptoms might be difficult, given the fact that their histology is the same and disseminated coccidioidomycosis may present a phenomenon called locus minoris resistentiae, where the organisms of the bloodstream have a predilection for lodging in areas with previous trauma (lacerations or punctures).
Combination therapy of disseminated coccidioidomycosis with caspofungin and fluconazole.
A few patients develop disseminated coccidioidomycosis, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality.
The HLA class II-DRB1*1301 allele has been identified as a possible immunologic factor for severe disseminated coccidioidomycosis, regardless of the patient's race.
This is an important consideration because high rates among Asians and blacks have been documented previously, and black race has been shown to be an independent risk factor for disseminated coccidioidomycosis (9).
A 27-year-old gravida 3, para 2 pregnant woman was hospitalized at our institution at 26 weeks for disseminated coccidioidomycosis including diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and a lytic bone lesion in her iliac crest.
Initially, the differential diagnosis for this patient included typical mycobacterial infection, disseminated blastomy cosis, cryptococcosis, and disseminated coccidioidomycosis.
We report a case of an immunocompetent African American male with disseminated coccidioidomycosis to the vertebral spine.
Hospitalizations associated with disseminated coccidioidomycosis, Arizona and California, USA.

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