dislocation of the hip


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dislocation of the hip

A dislocation of the head of the femur from its normal location in the acetabulum. It is very often accompanied by a fracture.

Symptoms

The dislocation is characterized by pain, rigidity, and loss of function. The dislocation may be obvious by the abnormal position in which the leg is held, seen, or felt.

Diagnosis

The person has great difficulty in straightening the hip and leg. The knee on the injured side resists being pointed inward toward the other knee and typically appears in a position of flexion, adduction, and internal rotation.

First Aid

The patient should be placed on a large frame, gurney, or support, such as that used for a fractured back. A large pad or pillow should be placed under the knee of the affected side. The patient should be treated for shock if required.

See also: dislocation
References in periodicals archive ?
The surgical treatment of established congenital dislocation of the hip: results of surgery after planned delayed intervention following the appearance of the capital femoral ossific-nucleus.
Genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of congenital dislocation of the hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1964;33:119-28.
Unrecognised dislocation of the hip in fracture of the femoral shaft.
Outcome of Single Versus Two Incision Operative Approaches used for One Stage correction of Neglected congenital dislocation of the Hip Joints.
Anterior dislocation of the hip. Injury 1975;7:107-10.
(1992) Congenital dislocation of the hip and its relation to swaddling used in Turkey.
Salter "Etiology, Pathogenesis and Possible Prevention of Congenital Dislocation of the Hip" Can Med Assoc J.
She suffers from a dislocation of the hip known as dysplasia as well as major prolems with her left foot and knee.
Until recently, most underlying hip pain in children was thought to be caused by a developmental dislocation of the hip that occurred during the prenatal period.
This state-of-the-art facility treats children with clubfoot, bone and soft-tissue tumors, congenital dislocation of the hip, sports injuries, pediatric fractures and similar conditions.
It could not stand on its feet, with dislocation of the hip and inflammation in the legs, but no peculiar BSE symptoms were observed, according to the ministry.
Dupuytren also was renowned for his contributions to orthopedic and plastic surgery, in particular to congenital dislocation of the hip; fractures, cleft lip, and the Madelung wrist deformity.