disintegrative disorder


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disintegrative disorder

 
a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by marked regression in a variety of skills, including language, social skills or adaptive behavior, play, bowel or bladder control, and motor skills, after at least two, but less than ten, years of apparently normal development.

disintegrative disorder

A personality disorder of children marked by regression in many areas of functioning after at least 2 yr of normal development. Individuals exhibit social, communicative, and behavioral characteristics similar to those of autistic disorder. Also called Heller's syndrome, dementia infantalis, or disintegrative psychosis.
Synonym: childhood disintegrative disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
In the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10), pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) is classified into childhood autism, atypical autism, Rett syndrome (RS), overactive disorder associated with mental retardation and stereotyped movements, Asperger's syndrome, other childhood disintegrative disorders, and PDD-unspecified.
Other conditions along the spectrum include the milder Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
Thus, the prior diagnoses falling trader pervasive developmental disorders of autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD NOS) are now all called autism spectrum disorder.
The DSM-5, published in 2013, redefined the autism spectrum to encompass the previous (DSM-IV-TR) diagnoses of autism, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), childhood disintegrative disorder, and Rett syndrome.
Thus, the prior diagnoses falling under pervasive developmental disorders of autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD NOS) are now all called autism spectrum disorder.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include autistic disorder (or classic autism), Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorders-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and childhood disintegrative disorder. As a childhood disease, autism is characterized by three core symptoms with impaired reciprocal social interaction and communication, a pattern of repetitive behavior and/or restricted interests [1-4].
The disturbance is not better accounted for by Rett's disorder or childhood disintegrative disorder. Reprinted with permission from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision (copyright [C] 2000, American Psychiatric Association).
The American Psychiatric Association is expected to create a new category in its diagnostic definitions: "Autism spectrum disorder" would include several diagnoses that used to be listed separately, including autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder.
[2] The conditions included under the ASD label vary slightly between the three diagnostic systems commonly used in China -the 3rd edition of the Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders; [3] the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) [4] and the 4th edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) [5] In all three diagnostic systems, ASD includes autism, atypical autism, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
The DSM-5 will include a section on autism spectrum disorder that includes Asperger's disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified).
The five points on the autism spectrum included: autistic disorder, Rett disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) include autism as well as other disorders that are like autism but do not meet all of the same diagnostic criteria including: Rett's Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Asperger's disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (DSM-IV-TR) (American Psychological Association, 2000).

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