When information is presented in a disfluent
format, people tend to modify, and rely less on, their existing beliefs.
Thus, the detection of vowel lengthening and filled pauses could be an important step towards locating the disfluent
regions and evaluating the spoken fluency skills of a speaker.
Lingering effects of disfluent
material on the comprehension of garden path sentences.
In order to do this successfully, Zaidan and Callison-Burch (2011) state that "although many of the individual non-expert translators produce low- quality, disfluent
translations, we show that it is possible to get high quality translations in aggregate by soliciting multiple translations, redundantly editing them, and then selecting the best of the bunch".
That infants listen to and learn from overheard speech is supported by the recent report that infants around 2 years of age are able to distinguish fluent, well-formed utterances from disfluent
utterances in adult-directed speech (Soderstrom & Morgan, 2007).
Our method, given a possibly disfluent
utterance, is to produce only a partial parse with whatever can be made sense of, similar to other robotic systems we have described.
Among their topics are genetics and language, disfluent
speech characteristics of monolingual Spanish speaking children, stuttering in English-Mandarin bilinguals in Singapore, and clinical updates and applications for treating bilingual stuttering in early childhood.
Timing patterns in fluent and disfluent
"So if something is hard to see or hear, it feels disfluent
In this paper we have argued that the problem of stuttering can usefully be viewed in these terms, as involving not merely the behavioral production of disfluent
speech, but also the construction, across time, of a sense of self that is problem-saturated and resistant to change.
Even if Jack works hard practicing appropriate behavior, his new behavior may be disfluent
and he may feel that he is not true to his "real self": his characteristic, rapid, automatic, effortless, context and stimulus-appropriate behavior (Fraley, 1998; Johnson & Layng, 1996).