discordant couple

discordant couple

A couple in a sexual relationship, only one of whom is infected with a sexually transmitted pathogen, e.g., herpesvirus or HIV/AIDS.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
On discordant couple, Bishop Obanyi said the church has ways of counselling the families to live a moral life.
Discordant couple: a couple in which one partner is infected with HIV and the other is not.
When the female partner is HIV-infected and the male partner is not, a discordant couple can undergo autologous sperm intrauterine inseminations to achieve conception without placing the man at risk for infection.
(generally) why would a discordant couple use PrEPs when antiretrovirals with condoms pretty much do the trick?
"Negative people enjoy sex, but the discordant couple does not enjoy sex because of a condom.
A subsequent study using DHS data from 18 countries, the majority in sub-Saharan Africa, found that discordant couple preferences are common with men often preferring more children and shorter birth intervals than their wives; in 10 to 26% of couples, there was disagreement on desire for additional children (6).
Two scenarios are possible with regard to HIV status in a discordant couple: positive female partner and negative male partner and negative female partner and positive male partner.
(6) The main exceptions are a small intervention in Zimbabwe, (7) studies of the behaviour of HIV discordant couples in Zambia, (8) an exploratory study in Uganda, (9) and a World Health Organization (WHO)-sponsored study in six African countries.
A cross-sectional study of 49 HIV-concordant and 126 discordant couples receiving HIV counselling and testing in Kampala sought to determine correlates of HIV-concordance among couples.
Thus, it appears that joint VCT prompts sustained but imperfect condom use in HIV discordant couples, reducing but not completely eliminating the opportunities for HIV transmission between them.
[8] In discordant couples, the HIV-negative member is at extremely high risk of HIV infection; age-adjusted rate ratios can be as high as 12 for men and 106 for women compared with their counterparts in relationships where both partners are HIV-negative.