For about fifteen years before James's Gifford Lectures, Binet, Janet, Breuer, Freud, and other psychologists had been charting the workings of the unconscious, and in speaking of "heterogeneous personality"--"a certain discordancy or heterogeneity in the native temperament of the subject, an incompletely unified moral and intellectual constitution"--James drew upon the wide range of discordancies
they had examined.
The full extent of putative M-serotype/emm sequence-type discordancies
is not known, and the explanations for such a lack of congruency are numerous.
Kugel's charge is rather to show how the apparent discontinuities are part of a coherent, or at least comprehensive, attempt to bestow meaning on the ellipses and textual enharmonics or discordancies
of the Bible, even to the point of rescripting the syntax when a received reading jarred against the necessary meaning of a passage for a later cultural context, as in the textual revision that managed to argue that Jacob did not actually lie to Isaac about Esau; he was misquoted!