Beginning with fundamentals, chapters discuss historical background, the anatomy of the spine, the biomechanical role of spine structures, degenerative disc disease and discogenic pain
, operating room layout, and business considerations.
The system can currently be used to treat chronic sacroiliac joint pain, symptomatic discogenic pain
, lumbar medial branch neurotomy, chronic thoracic facet pain, and cervical pain.
may heal incompletely or relapse without alleviating causative factors such as instable vertebral segments, carrying heavy loads, and hard working conditions.
is one of the most important causes of low back pain and it is thought that LL and changes in sacral parameters are very important causes of discogenic pain
In a further study, patients should be grouped, for example, based on their pathology like radiculopathy and discogenic pain
to evaluate differences in posture.
Lee, "Percutaneous intradiscal treatments for discogenic pain
," Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica, vol.
The diagnosis of discogenic pain
was confirmed by a positive provocative discography along with morphologic signs of disc degeneration, that is, annular tear grade II to IV according to the modified Dallas Classification [24, 25].
"By this, I mean, we are now able to relieve the patients discogenic pain
using the least invasive approach.
Intradiscal electrothermal treatment has been used by specialists for more than ten years in discogenic pain
treatment.3 Collagen structure of the disc is changed and nociceptors are coagulated by penetrating into nucleus pulposus through annulus fibrosis posterior using a percutaneous needle or a cannula in intradiscal treatment techniques similar to IDET.3 Clinical success of the procedure is generally about 60%.3 Complications may develop after the procedure.
The diagnosis for these patients varied from no diagnosis to thoracic degenerative discogenic pain
, costovertebral joint dysfunction, levator scapulae syndrome, thoracic facet syndrome, dorsal back strain, myofascial pain of the rhomboids and finally DSN entrapment.
For women in late pregnancy who present with low back pain and have a medical history of extrinsic asthma, Omega 3 supplementation can be given for discogenic pain
and as asthma prophylaxis for the unborn child since there is research supporting Omega 3 for asthma prophylaxis.