discharge planning


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planning

 [plan´ing]
consciously setting forth a scheme to achieve a desired end or goal. The planning phase of the nursing process provides a blueprint for nursing interventions to achieve specified goals. A plan of nursing care includes nursing diagnoses arranged in order of priority, goals or objectives that give direction and purpose to nursing intervention, nursing orders that encompass nursing activities necessary to achieve specified goals, and criteria by which it is possible to evaluate the effectiveness of nursing intervention and the plan of care. In most instances the goals or objectives can be used as outcome criteria for the evaluation phase of the process.

Goals or objectives in the care plan should be stated in behavioral terms, that is, they should describe what the patient will be able to do as a result of nursing interventions. If they are to be useful as criteria for evaluation, they should be measurable and realistic. Nursing orders are the nursing actions and patient activities prescribed by the nurse to achieve the stated goals and objectives.
discharge planning in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as preparation for moving a patient from one level of care to another within or outside the current health care agency. See also discharge planner.
family planning the practice of birth control measures within the context of family values, attitudes, and beliefs; including oral contraceptives, diaphragm, condom, and natural family planning; see also contraception.
family planning, natural methods of avoiding conception without the use of artificial contraceptive means; see discussion under contraception. Called also fertility awareness methods.
family planning: contraception in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitation of pregnancy prevention by providing information about the physiology of reproduction and methods to control conception. See also contraception.
family planning: infertility in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as management, education, and support of the patient and significant other undergoing evaluation and treatment for infertility.
family planning: unplanned pregnancy in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitation of decision making regarding pregnancy outcome.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

dis·charge plan·ning

(dis'chahrj plan'ing)
nursing Interdisplinary, collaborative process that involves evaluating patients' needs and developing and implementing a comprehensive plan for continuing, follow-up, or rehabilitation care.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

discharge planning

Any strategy used to facilitate outpatient care for someone currently receiving inpatient health services. It may include the identification of the proposed date of hospital discharge, a program for the use of professional, institutional, or familial home health services, a review of the appropriate use of prescriptions and their side effects, instructions for the use of durable medical equipment, and a list of appointments for follow-up care.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
A thorough discharge planning session will cover all the following:
This analysis also demonstrates that improvements in discharge planning can be undertaken to encourage more home discharge in hip fracture patients as there were no differences in readmission risk based on discharge location within each risk group.
Critical to the success of the discharge planning program are the relationships developed with the inmates and the follow-through of the LMHPs.
* Establishing a clinic should be examined amid all the options for improved discharge planning. These include the BOOST program sponsored by the Society of Hospital Medicine and Project RED designed by Boston University.
Hospital discharge planning can be a complex process that may involve many health- and social-care professionals and the voluntary sector.
Two reviews of the discharge planning literature indicated a focus on the hospital aspect of sending patients to the next setting (Hedges, Grimmer, Moss, & Falco, 1999; Shepperd et al., 2011).
It uses utilization management, care facilitation, discharge planning, and clinical integration to effectively manage costs, and optimize patient care services.
The service aims to support clinical teams and staff involved in the care and discharge planning of their patients - and families - who ideally want to spend the last days of their life in their preferred place of care.
Discharge planning guides for select conditions allow care managers to monitor hospital patients at risk for readmission from the moment they arrive at a facility and proactively manage them to help ensure transition to the appropriate care setting at the right time.
One of the key elements of care for patients being treated for minor injuries in an ED is discharge planning that incorporates the provision of information to assist with transition home and self-care once discharged.
According to the company, PatientKeeper Sign-Out improves communication between physicians at the transition of care to streamline patient handoff and sign-out and to simplify discharge planning, and provides a standard process as specified by requirement 2E of the Joint Commission 2008 National Patient Safety Goals.
The Guide to Physical Therapist Practice acknowledges that the physical therapist has a role in discharge planning and describes this process.(1) Malone and Lindsay describe some of the elements of discharge planning that should be considered when an inpatient is discharged.

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