disaster


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Related to disaster: Disaster Recovery Plan

disaster

 [dĭ-zas´ter]
a situation that produces damage and varying amounts of destruction; there is a three-tiered classification for disasters, based on the number of casualties. See also emergency.

disaster

Etymology: L, dis, apart, astrum, a star
any mishap or misfortune that is ruinous, distressing, or calamitous.
Global village A cataclysmic event in which there is a loss of multiple lives and/or major property damage
Nuclear physics Decay disaster
Public health Any unanticipated event that requires urgent response to bring people and/or property out of harm’s way in order to minimise loss of life or destruction of property

disaster

Public health Any unanticipated event that requires urgent response, bringing people and/or property out of harm's way in order to minimize loss of life or destruction of property; disasters are described by certain parameters Vox populi A cataclysmic event in which there is a loss of multiple lives and/or major property damage. See Climatologic disaster, Geological disaster, Man-made disaster, Natural disaster, Tsunami.
Disaster classifications
Nature, ie either
1. Natural, geophysical–eg earthquakes, volcanoes or weather-related–eg floods, hurricanes.
2. Man-made–transportation-related, structural collapse, war, hazardous materials, explosions, fires
Location Single site–eg explosion or multiple sites–eg hurricanes
Predictability Regular–eg hurricane season or sporadic–eg toxic spill
Onset Gradual–eg armed conflict or abrupt–eg accident
Duration Brief–eg natural disaster or extended–eg armed conflict
Frequency Often–eg flood, or rare–eg fire
.

DISASTER

(di-zas'tĕr)
An acronymic paradigm developed by the American Medical Association to assist in organizing the reaction to a mass-casualty incident. The components of the acronym are D for disaster, I for incident command, S for scene security and safety, A for assess hazards, S for support, T for triage and treatment, E for evacuation, and R for recovery.
References in periodicals archive ?
Negligible risk for epidemics after geophysical disasters.
Section 2 of the Tax Relief Act (as elaborated on by IRS Notice 2005-92) defines the Hurricane Katrina Disaster Area as including Alabama, Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi.
Any individual who is a relief worker affiliated with a recognized government or philanthropic organization and who is assisting in a covered disaster area; see, e.
That said, most IT organizations recognize that some level of disaster recovery planning and implementation is a requirement, even if their business doesn't happen to be located in Hurricane Alley.
CalCPA volunteers who are offering pro bono or other free services in the wake of the Katrina tragedy are participating in CalCPA's efforts to spread the word about the need for disaster preparedness.
The department's 22 agencies are working to improve disaster preparedness, DHS spokesman Larry Orluskie told the media.
Chapple, a member of the faculty of the International Disaster Recovery Association and co-author of Information Security: The Complete Reference Guide (McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2003), joined the school in mid-2004.
You never know where the next disaster is coming from or what it will be," says one official, "but the kind of basic planning that FEMA has supported for years can't hurt, and can most definitely help in a time of crisis.
Managed Data Protection, Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery
Prinstein, La Greca, Vernberg, and Silverman (1996) found that after a disaster, parents' most common communication strategies involved the reinstitution of familiar routines as well as the avoidance of emotionally provoking stimuli.
Of course, if you invest in risk prevention or you invest in disaster prevention, you may never see the benefits because you don't see the disaster coming and being averted.
For this reason, all children and adolescents exposed to violence or a disaster, even if only through graphic media reports, should be watched for signs of emotional distress.