In mortuary contexts, cut marks may signal a type of disarticulation linked to defleshing (Knusel and Outram 2006; Robb et al.
If bodies were fleshed during disarticulation, then tools may have been necessary.
Five additional ears provided DPOAE data concerning traumatic perilymph fistulas, and four ears provided DPOAE data on ossicular disarticulations. Among the reasons that the other ears were excluded from the study were a failure to establish baseline readings, respiratory failure of the animal while under anesthesia, or an error in the size of the perforation.
To simulate a traumatic ossicular disarticulation, a grade I perforation was made in the posterosuperior quadrant of the tympanic membrane, which allowed for the introduction of an instrument to disarticulate the ossicular chain.
Case report: Occupational therapy with a traumatic bilateral shoulder disarticulation
Subjects with externally powered shoulder disarticulation prostheses need to control multiple motors and would benefit substantially from control sources that allow precise, simultaneous control.
Three nondisabled subjects and two subjects with shoulder disarticulation amputations participated in the subsequent study.
Carpal = carpal disarticulation
or partial hand, elbow = elbow disarticulation
, PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder, SD = standard deviation, shoulder = shoulder disarticulation
, wrist = wrist disarticulation
However, as displayed in Table 3, study participants with shoulder disarticulation
amputations tended to answer with higher levels of satisfaction in five of seven variables investigated by upper-limb amputation level.
Advantages of the knee disarticulation
over amputations through the thigh.