disaccharide


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

disaccharide

 [di-sak´ah-rid, di-sak´ah-rīd]
any of a class of sugars each molecule of which yields two molecules of monosaccharide on hydrolysis.

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-sak'ă-rīd),
A condensation product of two monosaccharides by elimination of water (usually between an alcoholic OH and a hemiacetal OH), for example, sucrose, lactose, maltose.

disaccharide

(dī-săk′ə-rīd′)
n.
Any of a class of sugars, including lactose and sucrose, that are composed of two monosaccharides.

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-sak'ă-rīd)
A condensation product of two monosaccharides by elimination of water.

disaccharide

One of the class of common sugars, including milk sugar (lactose) and cane sugar (sucrose), that can be broken down by hydrolysis, under the action of enzymes, to yield two monosaccharides.
Disaccharideclick for a larger image
Fig. 134 Disaccharide . Molecular structure.

disaccharide

a ‘double’ sugar, such as MALTOSE, LACTOSE or SUCROSE, with the general formula C12H22O11, synthesized by a condensation reaction joining together two MONOSACCHARIDE sugars.

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-sak'ă-rīd)
A condensation product of two monosaccharides by elimination of water.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, H261 is positioned to accept a proton from the attacking 4'-hydroxyl of lipid A disaccharide, and D99, which is hydrogen-bonded to H261, likely serves to increase its [pK.sub.a] [70].
Besides, a lower sulphation degree of CS chains, expressed as ratio between [DELTA]di-mono 4S and total disaccharides ([DELTA]di-mono 4S +[DELTA]di-non S), was observed in both classes of patients compared to controls (p = 0.046 and p = 0.021 for T1DM and T2DM, resp.), while no differences were found between T1DM and T2DM patients (p = 0.873).
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of various disaccharides and their concentrations on the quality characteristics, processing yields, and sensory attributes of CSPJ.
Divergent synthesis of chondroitin sulfate disaccharides and identification of sulfate motifs that inhibit triple negative breast cancer.
The [alpha]-N-acetylglucosaminyl galactose (GlcNAc[alpha]1-4Gal), the terminal disaccharide unit of gastric mucin, is closely related to the infection of Helicobacter pylori in gastric mucosa (Fig.
To compare the antibacterial activities of furanose and pyranose sugar benzoates with that of disaccharide benzoates we deliberately prepared octa-O-benzoylsucrose (14) and octa-O-benzoyl-[alpha]-lactose (15).
Glycosaminoglycan chains are first degraded with bacterial lyases to give disaccharides. The reducing end of the latter are derivatized with heavy isotopic aniline by reductive amination, and the derivatives are analyzed by LC-MS/MS (65).
Qualitative results from TLC, MELDI and GC-MS analyses identified monosaccharide (fructose and glucose) and disaccharide (sucrose) in plants.
Undigested disaccharides which remain in the intestinal lumen may cause flatulence, diarrhoea and abdominal pain.
It was thus possible to propose that the disaccharide could preserve the physiological morphology of the epithelial cells, in contrast with the darker, vacuolated appearance induced by the ethanol alone.
The disaccharide component of the GOS can represent between 15 and 50% of the total GOS depending on the product, meaning that the TDF fraction of the GOS varies between 50 and 85%.
EINS data were collected in the 20-310 K temperature range on the three homologous disaccharides trehalose, maltose, and sucrose in [H.sub.2]O at weight fraction values corresponding to 19 water molecules for each disaccharide molecule by the IN13 spectrometer at ILL (Grenoble, France).