disaccharidase


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disaccharidase

 [di-sak´ah-ri-dās″]
an enzyme that hydrolyzes disaccharides; in humans the disaccharidases are located in the brush border membrane of the small intestine and hydrolyze the oligosaccharides and disaccharides produced after luminal digestion of starches and other carbohydrates. See also disaccharide intolerance.

disaccharidase

(dī-săk′ər-ĭ-dăs′, -dāz′)
n.
An enzyme, such as invertase or lactase, that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides to monosaccharides.
References in periodicals archive ?
These non-absorbable disaccharides are hydrolyzed to absorbable monosaccharides by disaccharidase enzymes present in the small-intestinal mucosa.
Diagnostic Aspects of Small Intestinal Disaccharidase Activities in CD
Disaccharidase activities in children: Normal values and comparison based on symptoms and histologic changes.
Effects of fusarium toxins on growth performance, small intestinal disaccharidase activities and antioxidant capacity of weaning piglets.
Donovan, "Small intestinal disaccharidase activity and ileal villus height are increased in piglets consuming formula containing recombinant human insulin- like growth factor-I," Pediatric Research, vol.
It is also of interest to note that furostanol saponins from fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graeceum), a medicinal plant that is used to treat various diseases, including hypercholesterolemia and obesity, modulate disaccharidase and glycogen enzymatic activities when tested in vivo in rats and have been shown to increase the hepatic glycogen content, lower blood glucose levels and lead to improved results in the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) (Hamden et al.
Liu, "Castanospermine-glucosides as selective disaccharidase inhibitors," Biochemical Pharmacology, vol.
Nakamura, "Inhibitory effects of extractives from leaves of Morus alba on human and rat small intestinal disaccharidase activity," British Journal of Nutrition, vol.
Other examples include the names of various chemical and biochemical compounds (amino acid, aspartate aminotransferase, calcium chloride), equipment and technologies (Bunsen burner, test tube, agglutination assay, atomic absorption, column chromatography), diseases (disaccharidase deficiency, lymphocytic leukemia, multiple myeloma), biological processes (coagulation cascade), test fluids (serum specimens), and aspects of everyday laboratory practice (calibration curve, control chart, correlation coefficient).
Effects of murine giardiasis on growth, intestinal morphology, and disaccharidase activity.