disability-adjusted life years


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disability-adjusted life years (DALYs),

a measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, usually that of an entire nation, based on adjustment of life expectancy that allows for long-term disability as estimated from official national statistics; DALYs have been extensively used by the World Health Organization to arrive at rankings of nations according to average national levels of health.
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]

dis·a·bil·i·ty-ad·just·ed life years

(DALYs) (dis'ă-bil'i-tē ă-jŭs'tĕd līf yērz)
A measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, based on adjustment of life expectancy to allow for long-term disability as estimated from official statistics.
See also: global burden of disease
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Outdoor fine particulate matter (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter 103 million disability-adjusted life years lost according to the Global Burden of Disease Report.
The study examined the years of healthy life that children and teens with cancer lose due to illness, disability and premature death, a measurement called disability-adjusted life years (DALYs).
Estimates show that 1/10 patients are harmed during hospital care resulting in 23 million disability-adjusted life years lost per year.
According to one study, mental-health issues are responsible for 32.4 per cent of years lived with disability and 13 per cent of disability-adjusted life years - years of 'healthy' life lost due to disease, disability, or untimely death.
The World Health Organisation Global Burden of Disease Study estimates that 13.8 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) are lost yearly due to asthma, representing 1.8 per cent of the total global disease burden.
In India, the World Health Organisation estimates 2,443 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per 100,000 population are lost a year, while the age-adjusted suicide rate per 100,000 population is 21.1.
According to the World Health Organisation, every year, many millions of people undergo surgical treatment and surgical interventions account for an estimated 13pc of the world's total disability-adjusted life years.
HIV and AIDS received the largest DAAH of the 10 leading causes of disability-adjusted life years in 2015, followed by interpersonal violence, tuberculosis, and diarrheal disease.
(The measure of how many years of healthy life are lost is often referred to as "disability-adjusted life years.")
The study found that in both 1990 and 2016, the leading causes of disability-adjusted life years were ischemic heart disease and lung cancer.
Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.
The global toll caused by these causes totals 20,578,000 disability-adjusted life years (DALYS) in the 195 countries and territories surveyed.

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