dirofilariasis


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Related to dirofilariasis: Dirofilaria repens

dirofilariasis

 [di″ro-fil″ah-ri´ah-sis]
infection with nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria; it is common in dogs and occasionally seen in humans, causing symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and sometimes hemoptysis.

di·ro·fil·a·ri·a·sis

(di'rō-fil-ă-rī'ă-sis),
Infection of animals and, rarely, humans with nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria; cats are an atypical host and are susceptible to very samll worm burdens, even a few worms may lead to sudden death. In dogs, the definitive hosts, clinical signs include dyspnea, cough, reduced exercise tolerance, and weight loss. In cats, sudden death, vomition, and less commonly, a syndrome resembling asthma may occur. Microfilariae circulate in the bloodstream where they are picked up by mosquito vectors; death of the adult worms during treatment may release antigens in the bloodstream, which can lead to serious side effects including anaphylaxis, expecially in cats. Human infection is typically subclinical, with development of small pulmonary nodules that are often only picked up when they are confused with small tumors on X-ray.
References in periodicals archive ?
Human dirofilariasis is currently considered an emerging zoonosis (2).
Deplazes, "Is dirofilariasis in dogs spreading in south Switzerland?," Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde, vol.
The biological component of the episystem of dirofilariasis is extremely complex as Dirofilaria spp.
Published reviews have shown that 75-95% of pulmonary dirofilariasis presents as a single granuloma, which was not the case in this patient [4].
In dogs and cats, dirofilariasis is a very common disease with serious cardiovascular and respiratory manifestations.
The key words included nematodes, ocular; filariasis, ocular; onchocerciasis, human and canine; loiasis; dirofilariasis, human, ocular, and dirofilariasis, canine.
(35.) Vezzani D, Eiras DF, Wisnivesky C (2006) Dirofilariasis in Argentina: historical review and first report of Dirofilaria immitis in a natural mosquito population.
Human dirofilariasis is an accidental infection by species such as Dirofilariarepens, Dirofilariaimmitis, Dirofilariatenuis.
The short answer is yes, cats can get heartworm disease (called dirofilariasis).
immitis found in this study confirmed anectodal evidence that prevalence of Dirofilariasis is indeed not very high in Aegean Region, Turkey.
albopictus, ademas de transmitir un gran numero de arbovirus, puede ser vector de algunos parasitos como Dirofilaria immitis [8] y Plasmodium gallianceum [75], que son respectivamente los agentes causales de la dirofilariasis canina [76] y la malaria en aves [75].
2001; Bueno Mari y Jimenez Peydro 2010a), mientras que otras zoonosis como la dirofilariasis o el paludismo aviar tienen en Cx.