They provide students and practitioners the groundwork, including articles on directed mutation
, algebraic structures as measures of comparison, the design of fuzzy models through particle swarm optimization, and Bayesian methodologies for estimating the uncertainty of decisions in safety-critical systems.
3) In effect, developmental, epigenetically directed mutation
becomes an extension of a global, non-linear, and adaptive stabilization within cells.
It's impossible for now to completely rule out the possibility that some degree of directed mutation
occurs in nature, says Bruce R.
Starting with a circular or a linear DNA template up to 25 kilobases in length, scientists can now introduce up to 5 site directed mutations
in a single round.