diploid


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Related to diploid: partial diploid

diploid

 [dip´loid]
1. having a pair of each chromosome characteristic of a species (2n or, in man, 46).
2. a diploid individual or cell.

dip·loid

(dip'loyd),
Denoting the state of a cell containing two haploid sets derived from the father and from the mother respectively; the normal chromosome complement of somatic cells (in humans, 46 chromosomes).
[diplo- + G. eidos resemblance]

diploid

(dĭp′loid′)
adj.
1. Double or twofold.
2. Genetics Having a pair of each type of chromosome, so that the basic chromosome number is doubled: diploid somatic cells.
n. Genetics
A cell, organism, or group of organisms having a diploid number of chromosomes.

diploid

adjective Referring to diploidy, see there. noun Having 2 haploid sets of chromosomes, one from an egg, one from sperm

dip·loid

(dip'loyd)
Denoting the state of a cell containing two haploid sets derived from the father and from the mother respectively; the normal chromosome complement of somatic cells (in humans, 46 chromosomes).
[diplo- + G. eidos resemblance]

diploid

Having an identical (homologous) pair of chromosomes for each characteristic except sex. This is the normal state of most body cells. Eggs and sperms, however, have only a single set of half the number of chromosomes, and are said to be haploid. Red blood cells have no chromosomes.

diploid

  1. (of a cell nucleus) containing two of each type of chromosome in homologous pairs and formed as a result of sexual reproduction.
  2. an organism in which the main life stage has cell nuclei with two of each type of chromosome, written as 2n. Diploid stages occur in all EUKARYOTES apart from certain fungi, and allow a greater degree of genetic variability in individuals than the HAPLOID (2) state (n).
References in periodicals archive ?
Citation: Mitsutoshi Yamada ct al.; "Human oocytes reprogram adult somatic nuclei of a type 1 diabetic to diploid pluripotent stem cells"; Nature, 2014; DOI: 10.1038/nature13287
The pollen was collected from the anthers of the improved AA diploid 091087-01 [(Borneo x Guyod) x (Calcutta 4 x Heva)], which was chosen for its high germination percentage (SOARES et al., 2008).
Also, some species within this diploid number group have been reported with multiple NORs, such as H.
As reported by the developers (Magoulas et al., 1998; Li et al., 2003), all 11 microsatellites were polymorphic in 384 diploid individuals.
SNiPloid assumes that short reads datasets (i.e., samples) derived from unique single genotype or distinct accessions (diploid or polyploid) are separately aligned against a single diploid transcriptome reference corresponding to one of the parental diploids using dedicated mapping software such as BWA [2], Soap [3], or Bowtie [4].
Diploid males are produced by 'matched mating' where the sex allele of a male the queen mates with is the same as one of the queen's two, different, alleles.
The 25 individuals from each line were shucked, and a gill sample from each was processed for flow cytometry to assess ploidy by comparing relative DNA content to that from a diploid gill as a standard.
A few studies have described a limited extent of p57 expression (scattered nuclear positivity in villous cytotrophoblast and villous stromal cells) in a minority of cases of both diploid and tetraploid CHMs; this limited extent of expression (present in <10% of these cell types) is still considered compatible with a diagnosis of CHM.
The flower color (pale violet), the number of the calyx (5), corolla (5) and stamen (5) of the amphidiploid plant were same as its diploid origin plant.